Fatima, Portugal. In 1917 in this small village three shepherd children saw the Virgin Mary, who gave them 3 secrets. The message of Our Lady of Fatima has always been shrouded in mystery, between dark hellish visions and veiled anti communists messages. Still you can feels a dark atmosphere , as many times I have been told, "where there is good there is always evil." Between Masonic and anti-papal presence, in particular a very practiced ritual reminds me of the pagan origin of many beliefs. Are the "Promessas de Corpos" human organs perfectly reproduced in wax. Livers, lungs, limbs, wombs, heads, eyes, brains, but also whole children, to burn in an oven place a few meters from the most sacred of the chapels of Fatima. This is a story of the dark side of one of the holiest place on earth for Christianity.
Like all rivers, the Dniester is also a river that divides. A boundary, not only geographically. Cultures, languages, traditions, peoples. In 1992 the river, by metaphor of division , becomes a real line of demarcation. Following Moldova's decision to abolish Russian as official language, the Transnistrian region, a Russian majority, decides to declare independence. Along the Dniester is fought for months, the separatists backed by Russia, Moldova with Romania's support. As early as 1944, when the Red Army crosses it for the reconquest of Bessarabia, the Dniester claims her blood ration. Thus it was born the Transnistria, Придністровська Молдавська Республіка (Prydnistrovs'ka Moldavs'ka Respublika), or Pridnestrovie, literally "Beyond the Dniester River." Today, Transnistria is a “De Facto,” nation, unrecognized, like Nagorno Karabakh, South Ossetia and Abkhazia, one of the most closed in the world. A country with so many souls and roots, which seem misses, sometimes touching, but never understand each other or love each other to the very end. Often told only as a last bastion of post-Soviet memory and vestiges , it is a complex and articulated land. Russian, Ukraine and Moldova identities, do not yet seem to be able to blend in a real identity of Transnistria, and perhaps there is no will of a specific identity. The perception is that of being in Russian territory, as evidenced by the referendum for annexation to Russia , won by yes with more than 90%. In particular young people grow up with the myth of Putin, the USSR, the hammer and sickle in a jumble of ideas, ideologies and hopes. The economic crisis, caused by the international embargo and consequent closure of 90% of the largest industries, led the post independence generations to dream of moving abroad. The only large company is the Sheriff, active in virtually all areas of life of the country. Founded in 1993 by two former members of the secret services, it has gradually expanded in all segments of society ganglia. In this scenario the youth of the country, far from any kind of nationalism, follow the Western or Russian model, in the absence of real cultural or traditional references of Transnistria. Between sports, music, weekend in Odessa, looking for a job or a love that you can take you away, or at least a husband and a son to leave the parental home, so life flows in Tiraspol and Bender, Pridnestrovie, and so flows the Dniester, river, border.
Finland shares with Russia the second longest border among the countries of EU, some 1340 km. Finland became independent from Russia 100 years ago when, in 1917 took advantage of the so called “Russian October’s Revolution” and declared itself independent. The two countries clashed also during the Winter War when Finland lost part of its eastern border territory. Nowadays after the creation of the European Union and the Schengen area the Finnish border has become the last outpost of Europe before Russia. In the latest years, Russia is, apparently becoming more and more influent in the world trying to get back to its old role of one of the world leading nations. For this reason it has become more threatening for its neighbourhoods and for its old enemies.
The border starts in the northern region of Lapland, where the average density of the population is way lower that 1 person per square kilometre, and it goes south until the Gulf of Finland passing through the easter most inland point on Europe. Alessandro Rampazzo decided to visit the border and spend some time with the people who keep it safe: the Finnish Border Guards also called Rajavartiolaitos.
The Reindeer Police (Norwegian: Reinpolitiet) is a special branch of the Norwegian Police Service established in 1949 and a subdivision of Eastern Finnmark Police District.
Its main task is to combat crimes against nature and the environment and to police Sami reindeer herding within its area of jurisdiction, which covers the county of Finnmark and the northern parts of the county of Troms – an area of 56,000 square kilometers. This vast territory is policed by a mere 15 officers.
This special police corp exists in Norway only.
Il cielo antracite avvolge Mosul come un lenzuolo che spegne i rumori. Regna un silenzio d’attesa, tetro. Soltanto tra le bombe l’aria è così sorda. In Iraq, nella capitale dello Stato islamico, la guerra non è possibile: è reale. E corre più veloce di pensieri e parole, astrazioni che nulla possono davanti alla paura, all’angoscia, a corpi straziati appesi ai lampioni, alla voce rotta di un bambino svuotato di speranze. La battaglia, resa “convincente” dai bombardamenti della Coalizione internazionale a guida Usa, parla per boati, dall’eco mai stanca. Il linguaggio impallidisce, si smaglia. La coalizione combatte, è giunta alle periferie della città, ormai quasi completamente circondata.Intanto il bilancio degli sfollati lievita di ora in ora: trentamila, secondo le organizzazioni umanitarie, con aumenti di 8.000 nelle ultime 24 ore. Ed è salito a 20, secondo un deputato eletto nella circoscrizione di Kirkuk, il numero di profughi uccisi dalle mine mentre fuggivano dalla cittadina di Hawija, 150 chilometri a sud di Mosul, in una sacca di territorio rimasto nelle mani dei jihadisti. In questa duplice difesa a oltranza nessuno può permettersi insuccessi neppure parziali. La coalizione sfrutta la sua superiorità numerica e la sua maggiore potenza di fuoco.n una complessa scacchiera di interessi: sciiti, curdi e sunniti, e dall’esterno Iran, Turchia e blocco saudita, ma anche Russia e Stati Uniti – cercano di crearsi le condizioni più favorevoli per il dopo-Mosul, impadronendosi dei più ricchi giacimenti petroliferi. L’Iraq riflette come uno specchio appannato l’altalena siriana. L’Isis potrà sempre contare sul sostegno dell’Arabia Saudita e dagli altri governi sunniti. Un grimaldello con cui minare il potere dei governi di Damasco e di Baghdad, alleati di Teheran, in tutta la “Mezzaluna Sciita”. Il futuro e le conseguenze si possono solo ridisegnare, all’infinito.
Text by Laura M.I.Secci
More than 80 percent of the fighters of the PKK and PJAK are women. During the war of liberation from daesh being fought today in Syria and in Iraq the formations of the two groups are at the forefront. The political idea behind the military political movement is that as long as there is only one people or one human being oppressed no one can be said to be free. For this reason, these women and men consider their struggle a struggle for freedom of all peoples and not just the Kurdish people. The PKK and PJAK are fighting today against Daesh and against the Syria, turkish and Iranian army. Their bases in the mountains of Qandil, between Iran and Iraq, are almost unattainable and constantly under attack. these women are studying and fighting for an idea of social revolution that affects all peoples. A society in which men and women are truly equal and complementary. These are their stories.
Ardell Long-Temple is a 50 years old African American woman who, with no doubt, can represent one of the thousands Americans who achieved the American Dream. The American Dream used to mean that if you have an education and work hard, you’re on the path to prosperity. But, as she says, this will not be true anymore if Trump will be the next president of the United States. She started her life in an orphanage in one of the poorest neighborhood in NYC, and despite all difficulties, she is now a multiple house owner and all her 6 children they went in good and expensive private schools. Something that would had been impossible with all the measures that Trump is promoting in his presidential campaign.
Together with Ardell we took a long journey along NYC to rediscover her past to better understand why, according to her, with Trump America won't be great again.
Imagine to find yourself in Finland, into the woods. Imagine you have crossed Europe on you bare feet and the mediterranean sea on an inflatable boat. Imagine now to have to start you life all over again, thousands of kilometres from home and that this is very much depending from the decision that an officer will take, based on the story of your life. Ihab and his uncle Yousef in the last year have been through all of this, leaving Baghdad and ending in Velkua, a little village of no more than 200 people, between the Finnish woods and the nordic sea. There they started to rebuild their life, with the hope to have a “bad enough background” to be accepted as refugees in the nordic country.
The people of “Copacabana Palace” are the “sem tetos, sem terras”. Generally hidden from view, they represent the dark side of Brazil’s multibillion dollar spending spree on global sporting events such as the 2007 Pan American Games, the 2014 FIFA World Cup, and the 2016 Olympics. There are thought to be several million people in Brazil without a stable roof (sem moradias) , and the number is rising. Despite government housing schemes and anti-poverty policies the “sem tetos, sem terras” (homeless and landless) face a bleak future. Pressure groups who fight for the homeless claim that there are more than 5 million empty rooms and apartments in Brazil. Squatters who occupy such abandoned spaces and try to make them livable often face police hostility or eviction. Over 300 families have found a kind of refuge here — a place that is ironically also called “Copacabana Palace” besides many other names; a condominium complex that was built over 30 years ago but which, due to serious construction and financial problems, was never finished and has been occupied. Life here is hard: the basics — like fresh water on all floors, a working sewage system, and stable electricity — are missing. Lack of sanitation causes serious health problems; such as dengue fever, tuberculosis, meningitis, gastroenteritis, and skin diseases. Hall floors are already collapsing in several buildings, allowing one to see through the floor to next level. Many of the people living here come from communities known as favelas. They have escaped from confrontations with drug dealers; or they can no longer afford monthly rent increases; or they have simply been living on the streets with no protection. Even worse off are those who were given social housing in a government program. Due to the presence of drug gang families that often surrounded or occupied these housing complexes, they could never occupy their new home. But the people who live here are survivors. They usually subsist on monthly incomes between 80 and 250 USD, or live on the $15 to $100 they get from the government subsidy called the Family Basket. Most of them cannot count on regular employment and so become self-employed in the informal economy; as day laborers, or selling homemade food or soft drinks on the streets and highways. They all dream big... "a dream of an own stable home". In the last decade the government had proposed low interest housing programs that would provide housing relief under certain conditions. But there were miles of red tape and long waits; so getting such housing was often a matter of luck. Unfortunately promises, which are made during the election campaigns, are often never fulfilled. This is a story of people trying to balance themselves on the narrow precipice between surviving and thriving. It’s is about their sufferings, their weaknesses and strengths, their failures as well as their success in the everyday efforts to survive, and rise above, a hostile situation. But nobody speaks about them. In a few words, far enough from Rio de Janeiro to be simply ignored. This work represents their story, my sharing life with these people, trying to reveal their everyday life: their happiness, sadness, needs, illusions, communities, and their strengths. This is home life for millions of Brazilians.
"Copacabana Palace“ is also available as book at www.edition.lammerhuber.at/buecher/copacabana-palace .
The project "Copacabana Palace" won the Visa d'Or 2016 at Visa Pour L'Image in Perpignan
Shortly, the Olympic Games are taking off in Rio de Janeiro – but the city’s churches are busy with a competition of their own. Clerics and lay folk in this very Catholic city are running against the clock to chase miracles: Stories of saved lives and healings that a local saint has wrought. The church elders of Rio are pushing the Vatikan to declare a person called Guido Schaffer a Holy Man: a former seminarist, medical doctor, savior of many homeless people in the city – and, most Brazilian of all, a passionate surfer and sports fan. When he died 7 years ago, taken by a wave, Catholics all over the city started to talk of his good deeds. The problem is: In order to canonize him, there need to be miracles. These are difficult to find and prove. A commission from Rome passed time in town to inspect the evidence. Some priests are not even wasting theirs: There already are statues and a shrine for “Holy Guido”. Praying leaflets and books are sold, showing an attractive young man on a surfboard in the waves. There is a trade in memorabilia. Guido’s surfboard has been locked away: The church considers it a reliquary. Giorgio Palmera’s photo reportage shows the Catholic Church of Rio in a desperate race to attract a younger crowd: After all, this sports lover and man of god is seen as a perfect antidote to the evangelical churches, who speak to the city’s young much more easily. But the report then enters the serious side of things. Palmera traces the footsteps of Schaffers work with the homeless and crack victims of Rio. He looks into the abyss of urban poverty and social inequalities in the Olympic town: Schaffer, the Holy Man in waiting, can indeed guide us to both sides of Rio – its careless beach life for the upper classes, and its underworld of poverty, drug abuse and despair.
According to the United States Constitution (Article 1, Section 8, paragraph 17), the Federal State cannot own land areas except for the 10 square miles of Washington DC on which both the White House and the related administrative offices are located. In the other States the government property is provided only for postal offices, courts, military buildings, arsenals and so forth. However, in the West of the United States the majority of the land is federal property: in Nevada, in particular, only 15,5 percent belongs to the citizens. 84,5 percent of the land belongs to the government that today is using it regardless of the rights and traditions of the cowboys who are the descendants of those pioneers that had founded here their ranches and that are now disappearing. If in the 1940’s there were 52 ranches in the county of Clark (Las Vegas) nowadays, there is only one left: that of the Bundy Family that refused to sell the grazing and water rights. This family is now facing the consequences. 5 of its members are now in jail on charges of domestic terrorism for openly demonstrating against the Federal government and its land plans. This attempt of expropriation started 30 years ago and it is repeating itself in different ways but with the same results in many other West territories (e.g. Hammond in Oregon, Gardener in Nevada, Bulloch Rucker in Utah and so on). Among Trump’s campaign promises there are the reconstitution of those rights laid down in the Constitution and the ensuing return of the land to the native Americans. On the other hand, Hillary Clinton promises the development of green energy which is currently managed on federal land.
On the night of April 2, 2016, Azere forces attacked all along the contact line the border with Nagorno Karabakh, reopening in fact a conflict that had never officially closed. It was since 25 years there was an escalation of such violence. Practically every woman in the country, even the most disinterested previously in military and political issues, was actively involved in the events supporting on the web its soldiers and taking part in every kind of event or initiative. In fact every woman Karabakh or Artsakh, as it is called the country in the local language, have in the family a brother, a father, a son who is a professional military or who joined the army in last days. Many have the whole family in the army. They live waiting for their return with anxiety but, at the same time, it is thanks to their contribution that life in the country is able to move forward. In many, in fact, they hold important positions within the government and make decisions crucial to the future of this part of the world does not recognize from foreign countries hidden in the mountains of the Caucasus. From the simple family mother to the minister of culture and youth affairs, from the common employee in a beauty salon to cop to the head of the supreme court of justice, women are the soul of Karabakh, the strength of this country, in some ministries they account for 80% of employed personnel. They dream of independence made of peace to build a different future for their children. They love intensely, fight tenaciously, often suffer in silence, and believe in their traditions. They are brave and fragile. This is their story.
The highway BR 230 penetrates the Amazonian rain forest, starting from the eastern tip of Brazil. Along this muddy, mostly unpaved road lives one tenth of the Brazilian population and the amount is growing faster than in other parts of the country. BR 230 was intended as a modern highway but was left unfinished in 1972 and free for exploitation. In 1979, the biggest gold rush began in the Brazilian Amazon and has continued unabated ever since. Amazon’s gold rush has flourished, involving hundreds of thousands of miners in an informal industry which produces over a billion dollars’ worth of gold annually. Business has been changed in the 21st century by mining companies and governments the who have privatized the land. Informal miners, who started to work independently after the dictatorship had fallen, have started to lose their livelihood for corporations, who have the requirements, effective machines and political power to control Amazon’s most valuable goods. “New” mines are sold back to transnational corporations in the wave of economic liberalization undertaken by the Amazonian nations. As the price of the gold has risen when the investors have turned to commodity trade, illegal mining in Amazon has become tempting for many small-scale operators. The artisanal mining pollutes the air and river with mercury which is used for extracting gold. Mercury enters the food chain and travels far from the region.
More than 2 million displaced, unknown thousands of dead, and countless raped and maimed: the South Sudan civil war provoked the biggest humanitarian crisis in the world. Fightings continue in the Unity, Jonglei and Upper Nile states, and other millions people are forced to leave their homes. The soldiers of UNMISS mission have not been able to prevent many attacks on civilian around their bases. The situation, because of famine starting, become worst day after day. But reporting from South Sudan crisis is not so simple. Many South sudanese journalists are being kidnapped, tortured, burned. The work of foreign journalists is not easier. The witnesses of brutality are afraid. In South Sudan, decades of civil war have resulted in widespread trauma, and the chronically underdeveloped nation is struggling to provide facilities, staff and treatment for those in need of mental healthcare. The South Sudan Medical Journal reports that depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety and substance abuse are major mental health issues affecting the country. The only recent prevalence data derive from a 2007 survey of 1,242 adults in Juba, which found that 36 percent of respondents met symptom criteria for PTSD and half met symptom criteria for depression.
The University of Stepanakert is where, in 1988, the independence movement leading to the Karabakh’s declaration of independence began after a long-lasting war. Karabakh (black garden in Persian) is an independent but unrecognized state, at war with Azerbaijan over territorial claims. Blooming in the Black Garden is a project that, on the occasion of the 25th anniversary of independence, portrays the stories of young people born after the de facto independence, who search for a national identity, torn between a sense of pride of Karabakh and Armenian belonging. A country where the wounds of war in the territory and in the spirit are still visible, where people still fall victim to the countless landmines hidden in the ground, where in the capital city, Stepanakert, which is only a few kilometers from the front line, sons, brothers and husbands are still fighting for sovereignty and where mothers, sisters and wives live suspended between hope, fear and longing for a normal future. From schools to sports fields, from military academies to art institutions, the youth of Karabakh dream of a different future, aware that their generation will build the foundation for international recognition.
Life after Kony or how I often called it "silence of guns" is a long-term project about the devastation and aftermath of the events surrounding the atrocities committed by Kony (LRA, Lord´s Resistance Army). More than 100,000 people were severely affected by this civil and brutal war in Northern Uganda from 1987-2006 and nearly two million were forced to seek refuge in displacement camps. A former Catholic altar boy from northern Uganda, Joseph Kony claims that his LRA movement has been fighting to install a government in Uganda based on the Biblical 10 Commandments. But his rebels now terrorize large swathes of the Democratic Republic of Congo, South Sudan and the Central African Republic, communities live with the constant and paralyzing fear that their children will be abducted, and either killed or transformed into killers. From 1987-2006 thousands were brutally killed, family members were lost and misplaced. More than 10,000 survivors are still waiting and hoping for justice against those who committed murder and rape during the insurgency. Years of abductions, where children were forced to kill their own parents or friends in brutal initiations, has left the group both feared and hated. The International Criminal Court in The Hague has indicted their leader and self-styled messiah for crimes against humanity. African union troops are trying to hunt them down with the help of US Special Forces soldiers. Most victims feel that government failed to protect them and that no real compensation and repairs took place, knowing that no money of the world can repair the physical and mental damages. Many promises have been made by registration campaigns of them, mostly before special events like elections.
After several years having been in the spotlight in the international media for marching in uniforms through Hungarian cities and villages, the banned Hungarian National Guard has splintered into several organizations in the country. The latest European parliament election in May 2014 is showing that radical nationalist movements are moving into mainstream politics. With a more radical view of what needs to be done to save the country than even the Jobbik party (15% oft he Hungarian vote at the EP elections), the members of organizations like "The Hungarian National Guard" (Magyar Nemzeti Garda) or "For a Better Future Hungarian Self-Defense" (Szebb Jovoert Magyar Onvedelem) have shared their vision of problems the country is facing. Globalization and its effect on local production, the EU’s dictates, Hungary’s foreign debts, the international financial system, white-collar criminality, „gypsy criminality“, the protection of minorities and immigrants by international organizations, lack of participation of large parts of society in the country’s productivity, the selling-out of Hungarian land and other property to foreigners, etc. are just a part of their concerns. This could all sound pretty mainstream. Is it the militaristic style, the old Hungarian symbols, uniforms, slogans and the constant stream of irredentism that make Hungary’s nationalist groups so radical? The Trianon treaty (1920) and the injustice done to the Hungarian nation when the victors’ diktat cut off two thirds of Hungarians from the motherland are the strongest rallying cries, a wrong they are prepared to right. What this entails exactly means is not clear, but in their own words, they are even prepared to give their lives for it.
In the north of Lesvos there's a group of foreign women who recollect and clean all the clothes left by migrants after their arrival. Wet shirts, pants and socks - as well as shoes - are collected in specific boxes spotted all around the main disembarkation points. Clothes are picked up and transferred to a laundry where these women (Swedish, Australian, British, etc.) take charge of the all laundry process.They are the only ones in the island who do collect, wash, dry and redistribute clothes in a big quantity which previously were simply thrown away, with a negative environmental impact on the island. The group has been founded by Allison Terry Evans last September 2015 and thanks to a crowdfunding campaign she has been able to collect up to 48.000 €. In a period where European countries don't act with a common policy toward migration flows, we think it may be interesting to show how their own citizens invest their money and time to help other people, creating a big contrast with the individual (state) attitudes
"I never connected to the Internet, the first day I arrived they explained each step and the characteristics of the service, and although at first it was hard, they helped me a lot. The connection is fast. but time flies away in a hurry. We always have a thousand doubts while we browse, imagine that for us it is the first time ... We are like children and often time of the connection goes away just to figure out how to do certain operations. "
A few months ago, the Ministry of Communications of Cuba has instructed the State-owned company, ETECSA, to install a wifi network in the most important squares of the town. A real revolution in a country where, until then, the network was a luxury for tourists. Now prices are rapidly dropping, 2CUC for an hour, about 2 euros, and Cubans use the network mostly to talk to relatives in Miami, use Facebook and manage blogs. Not having private spaces, the squares become a great place for communication, creating a more intimate and personal communications areas and areas where instead, as per the Latin culture, discussion becomes public, in the euphoria of a new frontier of their personal relationships.
Based on the latest ISTAT data (2014) the percentage of disabled people in Italy is around 5%. The amount of money spent on social healthcare is one of the lowest in all of the EU (5,8% compared with the 7,7% average in the EU zone). Often behind a disabled person there is a family that daily takes care of majority of the relative’s needs. The same family also lives in a complete uncertainty about the future of their beloved. The parents of a disabled person live in the terrible situation of not knowing what will happen to their son or daughter, once they will no longer be able to take care of him or her, not only physically but affectionately. Affection is a crucial aspect of life for all human beings, even more so for disabled people, who might experience difficulties in just interacting with other people. What will happen to my child when I’ll be gone? This is the yet unanswered question of tens of thousands of disabled people’s families in Italy.
St. Vittore is the most important prison in Milan. Incredibly it is exactly in the center of the city, in an area rich and middle class, a few hundred meters from the Cathedral. Built in 1879, it is by now very old concept, designed according to the architectural principle of the Panopticon, with a center from which thin out 6 "rays". Some of these are now crumbling and, like many Italian prisons, overcrowded, with more than twice as many prisoners than the capacity. The sport becomes one of the few activities that allows prisoners to forget and try to think of other things, but also the common areas dedicated to the sport are affected by the severe structural weakness of the prison.
In 1997, shortly after Kazakhstan’s independence from the Soviet Union, President Nursultan Nazarbayev moved the country’s capital from Almaty to Astana, the latter being rich in minerals and oil wells. During this shift, Almaty experienced a radical change in terms of population composition. All government offices and activities moved away from the city and with them the workers too. Most men abandoned the city leaving the women behind, making Almaty one the cities with the highest number of females in the entire world. In Almaty, summers are hot and until October trees offer a warm and colorful backdrop; this time of the year is called BAB'E LETO in Russian, literally Old Women’s Summer; its meaning implies something that is already gone and will never come back, just like a summer fading into winter. It evokes those women in their late forties who will never be young and beautiful again, like a blooming flower before withering. Patriarchy is still highly pervasive in the Kazakh culture, especially outside the biggest cities where women conditions are very difficult. They usually get married very young, have many children and don't work in order to fully dedicate themselves to their family. Women can divorce but seldom marry a second time. Almost no women hold senior positions in the country, neither in government nor in the private sector. Almaty is an exception to all this. It is THE CITY OF WOMEN, a place in which BAB'E LETO does not seem to exist. Here, women live a sort of second youth, resistant to the cold winter. This is a story of women, this is a story of female loneliness, this is a story of human strength.
Kibeho, Rwanda, 28 November 1981. "" N Nyina wa Jambo "-" I am the Mother of the Word ". These are the words that the lady dressed in white gives to Alphonsine, a young student. Now here is a sanctuary, in a small village in the hills on the border with Burundi, and every year pilgrims come walking for days in the rain. January 12, 1982, Our Lady also appears to Nathalie, and then Marie Claire. The voice began to spread, and Kibeho became the heart of African Christianity, recognized by the Vatican, like Lourdes and Fatima. On August 15, 1982 twenty thousand people came to Kibheo. There were radio and television stations, ready to tell the message that the lady would have given to the seers to celebrate the Assumption. But unexpectedly for seven hours there was a long tale of blood, horror, bloodshed, decapitated bodies and corpses left to rot in the street. A vision of the genocide. And in Kibheo, in 94, during the 100 days that shook Rwanda, ten thousand Tutsis were massacred in the village church, the next year, eight thousand Hutu, arrived in the square of the apparition in search of protection, were killed. The vision of 12 years before had come true.
Made on assignment for Vanity Fair, text by Tamara Ferrari
The “Spiagge Bianche” is a stretch of sand unrolling for about 4Km in the province of Livorno(Italy); it extends between the towns of Rosignano Solvay and Vada. The coast with its real tropical-like beach attracts, over the summer, many Italians and foreigner tourists. Although its beauty the white sand and clear water hide a huge environmental risk due to pollutions . The site in fact has been included, as described in a report published by United Nations Environment Programme, among the most polluted areas of the Mediterranean coasts. The history of Rosignano Solvay began in the early ‘900 when the Belgian entrepreneur and politician Ernest Solvay decided to build a factory for the production of soda that has became at present one of the largest in Europe. In short time with the Solvay factory driving the development, a new city was born; quite soon streets, avenues, houses, recreation and after work centers were built to accomodate the factory’s manpower and the families. Although the positive economical impact of the Solvay a consistent pollution of the coast raised over the years. The so-called “Spiagge Bianche”(White Beaches in Italian) have been formed by the deposition of industrial water discharges(to date about 100 thousand tons per year) headed out to the sea, and made of limestone(about 90% of the total), bioaccumulative heavy metals(mercury, arsenic, cadmium, chromium and lead), ammonia and organic solvents. The economical interests on the factory are various. The Solvay Group is among the biggest chemical companies in the world and the only site of Rosignano provides the biggest share of the italian’s soda ash requirements. Furthermore, over the years the local population has begun to exploit the pollution effect thanks to the great attraction guaranteed by the beautiful colors of the coast.
Living awaiting. To face an endless journey, hoping to integrate in a new country, maybe seeing your life’s expectation realized, your own dreams. Simple dreams, normality’s dreams, dreams that stay locked in a city created to contain them all in vitro, as the flame of a candle closed in a container that slowly fades away because of the lack of oxygen. From here it’s everything far away, it’s all again more distant, everything, especially the daily life of the western community, where is needed to integrate to understand the mechanism, the complexity. The refuges of the “Cara di Mineo” live like this. Four-thousand condemned souls wandering in an imaginary city, waiting for an answer, waiting, that Europe emblem of freedom and modernity, so far idealized through the images of a cathode ray tube, would guest them, integrate them. From the “Cara di Mineo” that Europe is still at the same distance, motionless for the imaginary of the people who live it, too close stop hoping, too far to keep hoping.
Bussoro in a small village in Rwanda, a few hundred people, mostly farmers. The village is in an area of high geological risk, built near a river. The next day, the village would be destroyed, because of the risk of flooding. Although there is a project of the Rwandan government, called "Reducing Vulnerability to Climate Change in north-western Rwanda through Community Based Adaptation (RV3CBA)", under the ministry of Infrastructure, the inhabitants of this small village was not offered any alternative housing or economic compensation . They are simply waiting for the arrival of the bulldozers that will destroy the houses. I decided to document the last day of the village, a tangible sign of climate change and how this can affect people's lives.
There are only Marika and her husband in Vodjane, last small village under near to Donetsk. Soft sunlight filters from plastic panels that have replaced the windows and the roof of the house because shelling. They don't want leave, that's all tehy have, and no matter if they have to walk always the same road, the same steps, because all around is undermined. To stop the unreal silence of this ghost village, only explosions of grads and mortars that two weeks ago have begun to fall all around. From November 1 it is fought around Horlivka, Schastye, Shyrokyne. The truce collapsed across the front line, which unrolls from the Russian border around Lugansk to the Azov sea. Confirmed sources report the presence of 20 tanks in the center of Donetsk and 4 in its western suburbs. November 10, 120 mm mortars, which based on the agreements of Minsk should be far away from the front line, fired around Pesky. On the outskirts of Novozvanivka firefights have been registered, grad shelling are been seen on the periphery of Donetsk, in staromykhayliavka and Kuybyshev. commandos actions were also recorded in Debaltseve, while the village of zaytseve out Horlivka was reconquered by Ukrainian paramilitary forces. The pravy sector volunteers are engaged across the front and hold, for now, under control the block of communications with the Crimea, were after the blown up of tension pylons, over 2 million people live without electricity in the peninsula. According to Dmitry Yarosh, resigned leader of the movement, their is a war of independence against two imperialismi- that of NATO and that of Russia-entered on a collision. The war in the east of Ukraine, for civilians, is a ended matter that continue.
Dario has always wanted to sing. From an early age. He dreamed of a stage, taking part in competitions and shows on television. Growing up, the dream became a necessity, Dario has to sing and to match what he feels to be with his daily life. He won a scholarship for Romarockschool, and he moved there. The Dream approaches, it feels at hand, but in the end It doesn't become reality. Dario is a story of willpower, tenacity, but also of Broken Dreams. Dario works at Bingo Torpignattara, one of the most popular districts of the city. He is not yet a rock star, but that does not stop him from feeling like a rock star, to live like a rock star, to love like a rock star, perfectly consistently with himself. On his chest, a tattoo: "Night Walk With Me". And it is at night that Dario prefers to live, when reality becomes a little magic and his dream seems a bit closer.
It has all the trappings of Oktoberfest – liters upon liters of beer, singing, dancing, and the occasional pair of lederhosen. The difference is that this beer festival doesn’t take place in Bavaria but in Palestine, in the midst of a relatively conservative Muslim society. The masterminds behind the festival is the Khoury family. In 1994, after the signing of the Oslo Accords, they opened Taybeh Brewery in Taybeh, a small village of 1500 inhabitants located a short drive from Ramallah. based in the only remaining Christian village in Palestine, it was the first microbrewery in the Middle East. Taybeh’s Oktoberfest is the only such festival in the whole region. The celebration is modeled after the original in Munich, but with a local flavor. Alongside sampling a number of the brewery’s varieties, visitors can snack on falafel and baklava, or buy produce from the community’s farmers, such as the famed Palestinian olive oil, local za’atar and honey. Popular Palestinian acts entertain a lively crowd of locals, tourists, foreigners working in the area and Israeli Arabs. The cancellation of last year’s Oktoberfest following the war in Gaza is a reminder that not is all as pleasant as it seems in this bucolic setting. The brewery’s owners have complained of water shortages since the construction of a settlement nearby, and of high customs costs to get their product to Israeli ports. While Taybeh is only 40 kilometers from Jerusalem, where tensions have been rising in recent months, Oktoberfest presents a good opportunity to have a glass of beer and forget about the conflict, at least for now.
(Vietnam, 2015). Fifty years ago it began the war against USA. Forty years ago, with the conquest of Saigon the North, Vietnamese Army won the war and thousands of veterans came back to their villages trying to start a new life. Today, just in Huè (Central Vietnam) which was one of the more hit part of the country by the fighting, close to the DMZ zone, there were settled 25.000 veterans, 4.000 of them are invalid and 2.000 victims of the Agent Orange. They have a lot of problems to solve, as how to build a new life with their families. In fact, many Veterans didn’t get married at that time. But the entire community welcomed them as heroes, in particular North Vietnamese, while in the south the situation was different because of the long presence of the American Army there. South Veteran’s Families were scared of the revenges but after some years the situation was changed and the harmony was established again. Today, after 40 years, there are no longer distances and they live all together. Another issue was how to solve the social consequences of the war (destruction of the territory, villages, structures), both mental and economic because after the war, the government stopped to help them so, they’ll start to gain money by themselves. They are grouped in Vietnam Veterans Associations (VVA) divided in many levels of importance: Provincial level, City/district level, Ward/commune level that includes Veterans of the French war, the oldest who are more than 80 years old which fought in both the wars and lived the aftermath and the rebuilt period, veterans of the American War (a larger group) and those who served after the reunification of 1975.
During their service, the veterans had a code of life: “FIGHT FOR PEOPLE, DIE FOR PEOPLE”.
Medjugorje, Bosnia. June 24, 1981 six children say they have seen the Holy Mary and would have given them ten secrets. Since then millions of pilgrims flock every year in this small town on the hills on the border with Croatia. Each year, however, dozens of pilgrims disappear on rough paths leading to holy sites. Many are found, even days later, tired and dehydrated. Many more are found dead years later by a special investigation team that every day climbs on dangerous paths through brambles, enormous boulders and treacherous ravines. But many other pilgrims simply disappear. Disappeared in one of the most sacred, and controversial, places, of Christianity. Italian, Austrian, Croatian, Scottish, Irish ... And if it is true that one of the causes may be the difficulty of the trails, there are also other theories, much more disturbing. Nearby places of apparition in fact you may find burned crosses , photo, sinister circles of stones, crowns of thorns. They are signs of the black masses. The rumors of strange night rituals near the hill of the apparitions are more and more frequent. This is a tale of the dark side of Medjugorje, where light and shadow chase each other and where the slender figures of pilgrims become icons of those who never came back, becoming one of the ghosts of Medjugorje.
Made on assignment for Vanity Fair Italy, article written by Tamara Ferrari.
Gjakmarrja is part of the kanun, a medieval law that regulated life in Albania for many years. According to this code, anyone committing a murder had to pay, and the family of the person killed could regain his honor by killing any member of the family of the murderer. With the fall of the communist regime this old tradition is back in vogue. Because of ignorance and fear, the whole family under threat never leaves the house anymore. Liljana Luani, a primary school teacher in Shkoder, for many years he went every week to give lessons to the children locked up at home for Gjakmarrija, convinced that education is the only way to counter this ancient tradition. In addition, in 2015, it has finally managed to open a center to help women, where he teaches a work for the women involved in Gjakmarrja, offering them the opportunity to leave the house and take home a different perspective to end the culture of revenge.
In recent years, China’s enthusiasm for dam building has spilled over into South-east Asia. Hydrolancang - a chinese state-owned enterprise responsible for no less than 7 dams in the upper Mekong - began in 2013 the construction of its first overseas hydropower project, the Lower Sesan II dam in northern Cambodia. The $800 million project have been among the most controversial and destructive ones to be developed in recent years and, once completed, it will block the Sesan and Srepok rivers - two of the main tributaries of the Mekong - creating a 36.000-hectares reservoir and displacing thousands of people who’ve been living along the river banks for generations, relying on it for
survival. The potential impacts, both good and bad, are enormous. Some estimates suggest that the dam could potentially generate a fifth of the power Cambodia is likely to need by 2018; yet its physical impacts could threaten the food security for tens of thousands of people
A trip into the complex dynamics of a group, inside the "non-compliant" realities of the far-right in Rome. This work, focuses on the official activities during the day, on the other side, it is an endless march in the night through Italy and Europe following many young boys and girls for whom words like "comraderie" and "ownership" become a sacred code. symbols are very important for them and sometimes are also impressed on their skin, the alliances are multiple and frequent. For most of them take one side in a battle and make "group" is an obvious choice and a fundamental value. Today in Italy the far right realities are extremely divided and, unlike other European countries where there is a rise of nationalism, they dont refer to a single party able to obtain a number of votes enough to gain strength and voice into the Parliament. A universe of associations, many of which are released by the dynamics of the parties, divided for political current of inspiration, history and religion. There are clubs, libraries, music genres, sports, student movements and even tattoo artists in this underground and hidden world. ZENIT far right militant community is one of the leading groups of the European Solidarity Front for Syria and for Kosovo, supporting the Bashar Al Assad party in Syria and the Serbians in Kosovo. Filter the truth from the media lies is their mission and the gas mask is a real identifying symbol as well as a way to protect themselves from the world around them.
“Welcome to the hero city of Odessa”, spelled in huge characters on the roof of the train station, is pretty much the first thing one sees after arriving to the city, a reference to its resistance against the German invading forces during the Second World War. It's a hot August day, and the station is bustling with orderly lines of tourists carrying sun umbrellas and plastic bags. The speaker announces an incoming train from Kharkov, a city in the east of the country just a few kilometers from the front lines of the armed conflict that for more than a year has been ravaging the eastern region of the Donbass. Apart from a few soldiers in uniform here and there, no sign of the conflict can be seen aside from a television screen projecting calls to join the army, which most people ignore as they carry their luggage or look for some shade from the scorching sun. A huge Ukrainian flag flutters in the summer heat, yet only Russian can be heard in the train station.
Raina and her friends are living in Kolkata (West Bengal, India) and they identify as Kothis. This story revolves around Raina, she had been a sex worker and she used to live in the Hijras community in Delhi. At the time when she lost her parents, she had been deciding to start a new life as a human rights activist. Rania often hosts friends at her house because in their own family’s homes they cannot dress up as women, wear makeup, be themselves. Most people in the Kothi community (a spectrum of feminine identified persons assigned male at birth, ranging from feminine males to transgender women) seek to live a life within Indian society, but for them it is hard to stay with their families and to find a job. Hijras may be classified as a branch of the Kothi family, differentiated by their kinship system, occupational practices and initiation rites. They live in separate communities with their own rituals and professions (like begging, dancing at weddings or blessing babies). Some Hijra identify as Kothi as well, while not all Kothis identify as Hijra, and pursue a variety of professions although many are marginalized and lack occupational options besides sex work.
Acceptance of the aid plan by Greece involves, in addition to a large transfer of national sovereignty, the sale of important economic and cultural asset. In addition to the creation of a guarantee fund for the loan, that will consists in cultural heritage and landscape, such as islands (a member of the Swiss Parliament has proposed that Switzerland buy one to have an outlet to the sea), some of the most important infrastructure will be offered for sale: Athens airport, the company for the management of water (EYDAP), Hellenic Petroleum, Hellenic Post (ELTA), Public Power Corporation (PPC), Egnatia Odos, one of the most important roads in the country and all the Olympic facilities. A country for sale. And the locusts of international capitalism celebrate, having led Greece to hunger, are ready to plunder. For the first time in many years of travels in Greece, Gianmarco Maraviglia found thousands of locusts. A perfect message to tell a historical moment that only crazy metaphors, since crazy is the situation, can help you understand.
The Apocalypse Of Saint John (Revelation)
Locusts come forth from the bottomless pit. The vision of the army of horsemen.
There came out locusts: These may be devils in Antichrist's time, having the appearance of locusts, but large and monstrous, as here described. Or they may be real locusts, but of an extraordinary size and monstrous shape, such as were never before seen on earth, sent to torment those who have not the sign (or seal) of God on their foreheads. Some commentators by these locusts understand heretics, and especially those heretics, that sprung from Jews, and with them denied the divinity of Jesus Christ; as Theodotus, Praxeas, Noetus, Paul of Samosata, Sabellius, Arius, etc. These were great enemies of the Christian religion; they tormented and infected the souls of men, stinging them like scorpions, with the poison of their heresies.
The Kurds, after the end of II World War were divided by the creation of new borders and nation states. Some of them, broken by a line of border between Turkey and Syria, lives in the south east of the anatolian country and in the northern part of Arab Republic. This caused the break-up of many families that once lived in the same context. The Kurdish people in the syrian area, called in Kurdish, "Rojava", have passed on the international news headlines for the siege of more than one hundred and forty days of the militias of the Islamic State on Kobanî city, in Arabic, Eyn Al Arab. Many Kurds, despite the historical repression exercised by the turkish state, managed to escape from the besieged city, taking refuge in different parts of Kurdistan under the control of Turkey. The city of Kobanî was heavily damaged by the constant attacks of IS (Islamic State) and by the bombing of the international coalition anti IS. The People's protection Units and the Women's Protection Units(YPG-YPJ), after an exhausting resistance, have managed to liberate the city, thus allowing a large number of displaced Kurds and other minorities that inhabit the area, returning slowly in the city, opening the way to a gradual and difficult reconstruction of life.
Lucia Sekerkova visited the most famous and richest fortune tellers of the Bucharest. One of them was the queen of fortune tellers - Maria Campina - who is known for being hired by the former leader of the Communist Party Nicolae Ceaucescu to help him with his career. Nowadays, it seems to be quite ironic because eventually - he was executed. A fortune teller uses occult and esoteric practices because of arbitrary knowledge of the future or frivolous interpretation of things you want or do not want to hear. Fortune tellers often carry on their profession as a trade. Mostly, you have to pay proper money for their service. In Romania, despite of the fact it is an orthodox Christian country, the phenomenon of occultism is really popular there. She focused on portraits and the interiors of their fancy villas. Those were the places where the acts of divination have been performed. There is no modesty in their houses that are full of shiny gold. All the fortune tellers consider themselves as the followers of God. They claim that their magic power comes from the Lord. But on the other hand, they also admit using black magic, communication with the Devil, enrichment on the other people's misery. They are dedicated to two completely different things. Is this real faith or did God become only a good marketing tool in their business?
The highway 613 connecting Brindisi to Lecce, through villages that are located in an area between the industrial area of Brindisi (including among others the petrochemical complex, Edipower, pharmaceutical SANOFI AVENTIS, sugar factory S.F.I.R., the airport and the harbour)t and the coal’s thermal power plant Enel Federico II. With an area of 270 hectares, it is the second largest power plant in Italy and one of the largest in Europe. Coal moves through one of the longest conveyor belts in Europe. 13 km that connect the central to the port of Brindisi, able to transfer to the central 2, 000 tons of coal per hour. The construction of the canal passing through the conveyor belt was performed, for most of the route, 15 meters underground, piercing the ground water, causing the drying up of farmland and water pollution. Today, whole families of farmers must every day supply of drinking water to about 5 km away. In 2007 it was imposed a ban on cultivation of an area of four acres adjacent to the central. In 2011 the area of Micorosa was banned, fifty acres of "regional protected area" in which there were found underground tons of waste., In Brindisi infants with birth defects are 18% higher than the European average, those with cardiovascular malformations are over 68% more. Scientists at the National Research Council found that there is a correlation between neonatal malformations and a pollutant substance produced by industrial activity. Also alarming is the situation in Torchiarolo. Here the level of PM10 is the highest of all the region.
Bangkok, capital of Thailand is maybe one of the more open among the cities of Southeast Asia. Despite this, the history of this country has been characterized by political instability and an endless series of putsch. In 2011 it was attacked by another wave of violence. The clashes by the red shirts have caused 91 deaths and 2,000 wounded and unrest continued until May of 2014 with another military coup still in progress. In Laos and Vietnam, since the end of the war in 1975, the Communist Party is still the only one in the government and continues to set the rhythms of life and traditions related to the culture of the land. Society is directed by the guide lines of the party and everywhere stand out slogans, flags and propaganda symbols. In Cambodia, however, Russians and French investments push forward the country to a new tourism development that is changing the old Khmer culture, despite the shadows of the tragic past are still well visible in all the country. At the beginning of 2015, therefore, the social and political landscape of Southeast Asia that once was called Indochine is very complex and faces a new generation in which grow up various sub-cultures apparently distant from the events surrounding them. Artists, writers, skaters, rappers, tattoo artists, martial arts fighters, performers, street artists who have western lifestyles and scramble them, adapting them to the Eastern tradition. Youth groups with a clear social and stylistic identity who rebel to an outdated system, eat noodles and dress Americana. This is the the twenty-first century’s Indochine, where the ancient British, French and Chinese colonialism have given way to the world of American and European multinationals, Russians and Japanese investors. A corner of the world that gain a leading position together with the new developing economies.
In Kos Polje, not far from Pristina, there is a place called the Plain of Blackbirds. There, in 1389, the Prince Lazaar, chief of the Christian Serbian army, was defeated by the Ottoman Sultan Murad I. It was a tremendous defeat for Serbia, giving off the Turkish rule in the territory. Thus the conflict between the population of the Serbian Orthodox and Muslim Albanians began. It has peaked in the history during the Kosovo war. Today, in this place stands the Gazimestan monument, the symbol of the pride of Serbia, guarded by a patrol of the UN to protect it from Albanians attacks. Fifteen years after the end of the conflict in the Balkans and six from the independence declaration, the situation is still difficult. After the end of the war, the UN intervention has permitted a gradual return of the Albanians in the territory. So it started furious revenges against Serbs. In 10 years, about 200.000 Serbs were forced to leave the territory of Kosovo and Metohija seeking shelter in safe areas, hundreds of Orthodox churches and monasteries were burned or desecrated. Among the not destroyed buildings, the most important is the monastery of Decani, where a group of priests live, under the fear of being attacked. The only school, the Sharski Odred, located in the small village of Sevce is occupied by 380 students and it is divided into a headquarters and two branches. But the freedom of movement is limited: to venture outside of their areas puts them at great risk of retaliation, and at night the danger increases. Kosovska Mitrovica is the symbol of the ethnic conflict in Kosovo. A city divided by the river Ibar in a Serbian part on north and an Albanian, on south. In the north there are institutions recognized from Belgrade but not by the breakaway government of Pristina. A solution to this conflict is difficult to achieve. Kosovka Mitrovica is a trench in Europe.
London has always been one of the busiest metropolitan areas of the world. One of the Planet’s leading financial and cultural centres - the British capital, is home to more than 13 million inhabitants. The growing population of the city in relation to the chronic shortage and unaffordability of conventional housing has created a demand for alternate places in which to live. Houseboats are the one of the most popular of these alternatives. Around 100,000 people living across London’s canals. The cost of a boat can be dramatically cheaper than a flat of the same size, and can offer a slower pace of life within the busy capital. Canals today are populated with growing linear ‘villages’ within London’s waters. These communities are very diverse, they consist of young couples, artists, musicians, families, as well as elderly couples. The majority of them are people who are going against the modern lifestyle and chose a non-mainstream way of living. There is also an increasing number of more vulnerable people who choose houseboats as an affordable way of life.
For young Muslim and Hindu girls in the outskirts of Calcutta, boxing is becoming the path to a brighter future. In 2011 there were around 200 female boxers in India. The Muslim communities of West Bengal contribute about 55 per cent of the total. This would have been unthinkable 10 years ago.With a rape occurring every 20 minutes in a country with a population of 1.2 billion, women are far from being seen as equal in all segments of Indian society. To combat this, training academies around Calcutta set out to boosts girls’ morale, and self-confidence, as well as to help them learn self-defence and to stay fit. Private colleges also hire professional martial arts trainers and organize short-term courses for their students. All these initiatives are aimed at making women strong, so that they can defend themselves in case of rape.
Lourdes is one of the holiest places in the world for Catholics. Millions of pilgrims have traveled in pilgrimage to the cave where, in 1858, the shepherdess Bernadette had visions of the Virgin Mary, and where afterwards was erected the imposing Basilica of the Immaculate Conception. But during the Military pilgrimage the atmosphere is much less austere. Thousands of soldiers in uniform, from all over the world throng the narrow streets in the center of the village and, throughout the night, crowd the bars drinking large amounts of alcohol. Later the party moves on in the clubs, drinking and dancing until dawn . Then, in the morning, again Mass and and religious functions, in an incredible mix of sacred and profane. Gianmarco Maraviglia has joined a group of pilgrims to tell, between the sacred and the profane, a Lourdes never seen.
Made on assignment for Vanity Fair Italy, article written by Tamara Ferrari.
On April 24th, 2015, Armenians celebrated the 100th anniversary of the Armenian Genocide, one of the most important events in the history of the country, which brought the world’s attention to the memory of the million and a half Armenians killed in 1915. In the capital Yerevan the entire population went to Dzidzernagapert, the memorial of Genocide, to leave a flower, and in Echmiadzin - considered the Armenian Vatican and the seat of the Catholicos Karekin II, head of the national church - the Armenian martyrs were canonized. Armenia, the oldest country to adopt Christianity as a state religion in 301, is officially at war with Azerbaijan for the control of Nagorno-Karabakh, former Armenian enclave in Azerbaijani territory assigned to Baku by Stalin. And the Soviet past has still a very strong infuelnce in the daily life of the country, Russian is commonly spoken and studied in schools; in Yerevan and in vacation destinations near the capital architecture is still very much influenced by the Soviet period. But Yerevan is also a living city, rich in art, culture and entertainment, despite a difficult economic situation and the arrival of Syrian refugees of Armenian descent, fleeing the war in Syria.
After nearly seven decades, thousands of Brazilian men recruited during World War II to go into the Amazon and extract the rubber required for everything from airplanes to gun mounts are finally being compensated for their effort. The Brazilian government is remitting 25,000 reals (roughly $7,800) to the survivors of the “rubber soldiers” program and their dependents throughout the month of March. But the 11,900 beneficiaries are a fraction of the more than 55,000 men and untold number of family members who participated in the program, which was partly sponsored by the U.S. government to fill a dangerous wartime rubber shortage. The money is welcome, as the men are elderly and most are frail. But many of them say that this amount is a pittance meant to silence them and does not fulfill the promises made to them when they signed up. “None of what they told us when we enlisted was delivered,” says José Romão Grande, 92, president of SINDSBOR, the Rubber Soldiers Union of the northern state of Rondônia. “We were used like animals and abandoned once the war was over.”
Text by Juliana Barbassa
Sending young girls to work as domestic servants, known as Kamalaris, is a common practice and long-lived tradition in the ethnic Tharu community in the South-West of Nepal. The girls are sent to work because of economic hardship. Often the families sending their daughters are severely indebted or can’t pay their rent. Girls as young as 5 work for landlords or wealthy, higher-caste families. Kamalaris are forced to work long hours under stressful conditions for only a small amount of money (usually 20–30 euros a year) paid directly to their fathers. While in bonded labor, they are often denied access to basic rights such as education and an adequate standard of living. Many Kamalaris face verbal and physical abuse and sexual harassment. In 2006, The Supreme Court of Nepal affirmed that the Kamalari practice is illegal. However, it continues to exist. After the year 2000 more than 12 000 girls were sold as Kamalaris of which more than 11 000 have been rescued. "My father was badly indebted, and sold me as a kamalari-slave when I was 13 years old. I cried and I felt rejected, but I do not want to blame my parents. I did not see my family for three years. In the new upper caste family my job was to do all the household and field work. It was an incredibly happy moment, when I was freed and I got home. Now that I am free, I receive love and I can once again dream. As a kamalari I could only dream of becoming free. I fight for the cause that no girl would have to be a slave like I have been. I would like to eradicate kamalari-slavery in Nepal. Parents need to understand how slave labor steals the childhood of their daughters." Anita Chaudhary, 18, Nepal Former Kamalari slave and present human rights activist
The resumption of diplomatic relations between Cuba and the United States are not just one of the great themes of American politics, will also have a big impact on the new generation Cuban. Recently, the Cuban Communist Party has vviato a series of reforms, such as the ability to buy and sell cars. In addition there is now the possibility of opening of private activities and more than 500,000 Cubans have started to work on their own. Slowly Cubans began life without a full state control. But for the people, the most important change is the change of mentality. One sign of change is the emergence of numerous private centers of art, the most famous of which is the FAC, Fabrica de Arte Cubano, a place where young people can freely express their identity and ideas. In the capital Havana a new entrepreneurial class celebrated nightlife, without holding on to show their welfare. For Yanelis Napoles, returned to Cuba to raise their children without the consumer culture "part of the magic in Cuba is now lost. I'm sorry for my children, but this change can not be stopped"
In Donbass are fighting volunteers of all the nations of Western Europe and Eastern Europe, the Russian Federation, the Middle East. French against the French, Italians against Italians, Chechens against Chechens, Spaniards against Spaniards, Russians against Russians, Afghans against Afghans. The war in Ukraine is like a Russian doll. In his belly welcomes tens of fratricidal wars that testify to the disintegration of a civilization, that of Europe, who chose suicide, hostage of a political class of financial terrorists who have overwhelmed the identity of the continent itself. Ideologies that bring about men and women to kill each other on the the Ukrainian soil, belong to a distant era, destroyed by the advent of neoliberalism that has no boundaries It's a confrontation between two different fascisms, but identical in substance, led by oligarchs of global finance. This does not mean that these ideas are not entirely real in the minds of the fighters, fed and supported by a massive propaganda. Here the portraits, the stories and the ideas of 12 men, and women, who have voluntarily enlisted to fight in the Donbass.
In Europe, 30 million people suffer from a rare disease. "RARE LIVES" is a photographic journey across Europe that want to investigate the daily lives of those who suffer from a rare disease. The needs of patients, their hopes, their difficulties, but above all their joys and their daily achievements.
This project wants to give them visibility, strength and attention. It wants to build a network combining the experiences of those who live this condition and that involves those who do not live.
The war in Ukraine caused more than six thousand dead and hundreds of thousands displaced. Despite the agreements signed in Minsk every day there are violations of the ceasefire On March 2, 2015 the High Commission for Human Rights released a report according to which the dead would be many more of 6000 declared. Over a million and 250 thousand displaced people. Torture, kidnappings, deliberate bombings on areas inhabited by civilians, war crimes allegedly committed by both sides. Debatselvo, fallen after a harsh siege, is now a ghost town. Buildings razed, booby traps and landmines scattered everywhere. three thousand people survive out of a population that exceeded twenty thousand. Ther's no water, gas, nor electricity. Who could flee did it. According to a report recently released by Rusi (Royal United Services Institute) there are, in the Donbass area, about 10,000 Russian soldiers since December of 2014, while unit of special forces (Spetnaz) would be operating in the region since July. Many Ukrainian citizens and foreigners were enrolled in the ultranationalist battalion like Pravy sector. For them, the war will end only when all the territory will be back under Ukrainian control. The scar on the neck of Zaur is fresh, uneven edges. Is the only one not move a step when the Kalash barking sporadic bursts. Chechen enlisted in Vostok, fights in the Donbass since the war began. In his company the majority of the fighters are Ukrainians, almost all former miners. None of them consider this war a civil war. They fight against fascism and neo-liberal financial West, against the aggression of NATO to the motherland Russia. The truth is far more complex. The possibility that in the Donbass collide two opposing fascism, but basically identical, is a question that no one can afford in the frontline.
Pictures and text by Ugo Borga and Loredana Taglieri
“The ayoreo word Eami means forest, but it is also a synonym of world. For those who have not seen, it is very hard to understand how much their world has changed with the beginning of modernity” says Benno Glauser, philosopher and activist for the indigenous people in Paraguay. Before the coming of white man, Chaco was an uncontaminated region covered by forest. Fourteen indigenous ethnic groups inhabited there. They lived by hunting, harvesting fruits, honey and medicinal plants, free to move from a place to another following the rhytm of seasons and rainfall regime. They were semi-naked, slept under the stars and lighted up the nights with woodfire. A complex mythology explained very precisely how to maintain this perfect balance between nature and mankind. The first colonization took place in the early 30 by a group of Mennonites coming from Russia to escape persecutions of Communist regime. Few years later, Chaco became the theater of a war between Para- guay and Bolivia. A violent smallpox epidemic was brought from soldiers and killed almost half of the indigenous population in less than a month, spreading fear among the natives who retreated further and further into the forest. At the end of war, Mennonites were well established: they occupied the strategic water access points and they built enclosures to delimit their own landed properties. All at once, different groups of missionaries, largely called by the Mennonites, arrived to Chaco to diffuse their own religion, civilisation and bring the natives out of the forest. In the late 50, after twenty years of cultural and territorial resistance, mostly of the indigenous communities had been baptized and had left the forest to embrace the colonizers' lifestyle. During the last decade, the expansion of soybean production brought breeders to look for new lands. Low cost, low taxes and lacks of state control led to a new “land rush”, attracting investors to adopt the Men- nonites' cattle ranch business model. Nowdays, Chaco is one of the most important world producer of cow, exported mainly in Russia and Chile. Forest is daily cut down to create new pasture so that the region now hold the world highest deforestation rate. Natives have been displacing and live onto reservations far from their ancestral territories. All their traditional activities have become impracticable because of the biodiversity decline and drought increase. To survive they must work as laborers for the landowners, while their cultural identity is crushed by the pressure of globalization.
Milan will host in a few months one of the most important international events, the Expo2015. It is not an easy city. At first glance it is a cold city, inhospitable, unreadable, hidden. In Italy it is considered the most dynamic city, the capital of work, fashion, design and economy. People are always in a hurry, Milan is a fast city. You run for the office, you run to go on a date, to a meeting, you run to go home. Millions of tourists come to Milan for Expo2015, and try to discover Milan using public transportation. Trams, buses, subways. In the frenzy of the city a few minutes spent in a tram are sometimes a few moments to get away, to think, to be alone. Gianmarco Maraviglia, born in Milan, decided to tell his hometown. With a cell phone tells Milan through the relationship between the places, people and public transport. A instinctive tale, dirty and non-linear, to give suggestions and sensations that can help you better understand Milan and the people living there.
All pictures taken and processed with a mobile phone.
The Moken are a nomadic sea people who live in and around southern Thailand, traditionally feeding off the fruits of the sea for eight months a year. But the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami destroyed any livelihoods and the Moken were forced onto the land. Brought to the world’s attention by the natural disaster, the seafaring tribe is struggling to reconcile tradition and modernity, leaving behind their “sea gypsy” life for a modern existence.
The Donbass is a coal-mining district in the east of Ukraine, lying on the border with Russia and more than 700 km from the capital city of Kiev. Except from some heavy industry and a breathtaking countryside, the Donbass does not have much to offer to its inhabitants, especially in terms of life choices. In fact, for the vast majority there is only one job available, that of the miner. The region might be poor and underdeveloped, but its underground is rich in coal, forcing generation after generation of its young men to embark on a life largely spent in the darkness, digging for the black gold.The young miners of the Donbass face the uncertainties that cloud the future of the region. Dozens of mines have been closed in the last decade because of poor productivity, making thousands of miners unemployed. The prospect of economic integration with Europe to the detriment of Russia, and the adoption of stricter mining standards, alienated miners and played an important role in sparking the current pro-Russian uprising, which in turn places additional insecurity on the entire region, whose youth now don't even know in which country they will live in the future.On their part, the young miners speak, think and sing in Russian, and have little attachment to Ukraine, a country that they feel never gave them anything. They often speak of how the more westernized people in Kiev and the rest of the country see them as ignorant menial workers and show no respect for the hardships and dangers that miners face every day. To them, Ukraine is a failed state, especially when compared to the Soviet Union that they have never experienced. Back then, they say, workers and miners in particular were the backbone of a strong country, and nobody would look down on them.
Traditionally a target of harassment and intimidation in the world’s most populous Muslim country, transgenders in Indonesia - also called “waria”, a term that combines the Indonesian for woman (want) and the word for man (pria) - have lately been fighting for better acceptance, thanks to the work of some trail-blazing activists who have themselves endured decades of hardship. After seeing many colleagues fall victims to AIDS and other fatal diseases, “Mami” Joyce now takes care of 20 young transgender sex workers who are living with her as if in a big family. “Mami” Yuli, a prominent human rights campaigner, has set up a shelter for elderly transgenders, partly funded by a network of churches and a government that until three years ago still deemed them “mentally ill”. Also thanks to their efforts, there are signs that the future is getting brighter for this marginalized community, which activists estimate to be at least 3 million-strong in Indonesia. But much still needs to be done, and the threats by recently-emboldened Islamic radicals show that any step towards more tolerance can meet fierce resistance.
In the 1961 Portugal, governed by the dictator Salazar, started a war in one of his colony, Angola. Soon problems emerge also in the others African Colonies, Guiné Bissau and Mozambique, the war quickly expanded on the three fronts. This bloody war, that was going to be named Portuguese Colonial War, ended only in the 1974 when the Portuguese regimen fall down. While in the rest of Europe the youth was fighting for their rights and for a new society, in Portugal an entire generation of men between 18 and 30 years old was receiving a mandatory call to go to the war. During the postcolonial war, in the three fronts (Angola, Mozambique and Guiné Bissau) the number of men sent was 149 thousand (the Portugal population is 10 millions including elders, women and children); 8289 died on the fields and 15507 report injuries; in these statistics are not counted all the ones that later suffered of PTSD. For the ones injured the worst still have had to come. In fact back to Portugal, the regimen first and the Portuguese govern after the 1974 didn’t want to show the population the effect of the war. The people injured were hidden and segregated in military hospitals where only few people was able to access and also after they was dismissed several fundamental rights wasn’t recognized. The Portuguese Govern recognized the PTSD as disease only in 1999, 25 years after the end of the war. The Portuguese veterans represent the long-‐term effect of the war. Forgotten by society, hidden by the authority their physical and psychological trauma have become every year more acute.
The Candomblé is a syncretic Afro-Brazilian religion , arrived in Brazil with the people deported as slaves. Immediately banned by the Catholic church, the Candomblé not only survived, but it is hugely popular in Brazil, getting to have several million practitioners.
At the same time, Brazil is also the country with the highest number of Catholics. From 2000 to 2010 the number of Evangelical Churches has grown by 61 percent. The violence and threats to the followers of Candomblé are growing. Edir Macedo, rich tycoon and founder of the Universal Church of the Kingdom of God, the largest Pentecostal church in Brazil, is one of the most intransigent opposition to what it sees as a demonic cult. Brazil is unleashing a veritable war of religion and the followers of Candomblé feel under attack.
Learning while playing games has proven to be a successful way of learning. This method is used and appreciated by more and more schools world wide. This modern idea of teaching was not easily accepted in Sicily where people struggle with problems like illiteracy, poverty and a high rate of unemployment. In Gela - a town in the south of sicily, Carmelita Di Mauro, a teacher who created a revolutionary teaching method inspired by chess, was extremely challenged introducing her modern way of teaching in a relative conservative and traditional context. However, the method of Carmelita has proven to be very effective with children, especially pupils who have difficulties learning mathematics. Carmelita implemented a sequence of steps allowing pupils to interpret the chessboard as a series of logic boxes. These colored boxes, and their specific numbers, help the brain creating associations, which are useful when storing and remembering information. Moreover, this modern and playful way of teaching learns students how to deal with competition, improves concentration while the students are having a lot of fun. Thanks to this method a lot of Carmelita's students became extremely talented in mathematics and chess champions. One student even made it to the chess world championships.
5000 km through seven states. The "Rodovia Transamazonica” connects Joao Pessoa to the border with Peru. It 'a hard,remote and solitary road. Crossing the country following the path of the BR-230 is an almost introspective experience, where the road becomes a metaphor for the country. Among dust, heat and humidity, you can see the most controversial aspects of a country that to pursue economic growth has perhaps succumbed to too many compromises. How in a world apart, where they seem to perceive echoes of the characters of Jorge Amado, you can meet villages born on the illegal trade in valuable timber, transported by truck whose noise seems to disappear into thin air, or illegal gold mines in which they work ghosts of mud, mercury and cyanide. The good and the bad, often enemies, sometimes allies. Happen to meet evangelical pastors, God, Church and Soul, married with young girls. Not far away parties and prostitutes, in villages where with a little 'gold you can buy what you want. All around is Tocaia Grande.
Back when the Italians were the ones emigrating abroad, men used to leave their families behind, only to see them years — if not decades — later. Nowadays, it’s mostly women who bid farewell to their native countries to support their families. They move to Italy and work as housemaids or caregivers, and 75% of them leave their children at home. It is a wound that cuts deep and sometimes leads to tragic outcomes: as shown by humanitarian associations, about forty Romanian children committed suicide since 2008 because of their mothers’ absence. This painful experience doesn't only affect the children left behind but also the women forced to abandon their countries to find a job. Such condition has been connected to what the psychologists call “the Italian Syndrome”, which is a severe form of depression increasingly more common among both the immigrants working as caregivers in our country and their children. Andrei is a 10 year-old boy and just a while ago he was living the cheerful life that every child deserves to live. With the occurrence of the economic crisis his father got fired and his mum moved to Italy to find a job. Over the months, the absence of his mother as well as his father’s alcohol abuse had become a tough burden to bear. The presence of his relatives and the strong affection to his motherland cannot fill the emptiness inside him. After a long and painful lawsuit between his parents, Andrei finally catches up with his mother in Italy but what seems to be a happy ending is actually the beginning of a new life where everything looks different and where expectations turn into delusions. Andrei deeply misses his old habits and finds it difficult to integrate into the new society. This generates a strong discomfort that gets even worse because of the arduous relationship between the boy and his mother’s new partner. Andrei shuts himself out, avoids people and isolates himself into a mental and physical cage. He hardly ever leaves the flat that, although it does not feel like home, it is the only refuge he has. His body is in Italy but his spirit is still there in Romany, since Andrei has arrived somewhere but not here…
Pigeons are the oldest domesticated bird in history. Racing Pigeon were used until Second World War as couriers for messages but several military corps as the Portuguese one still keep them. Racing pigeon are mainly used today for sport purposes. In Europe pigeon race is very popular in several countries such as Germany, Belgium, England, Holland and Portugal where the pigeon race sport is second only to soccer in number of participant and followers. Pigeon race is a particular sport that involves all the different social class of society because everybody has the possibility to win. Even if in Europe bet are not officially allowed, there are several European and international contests such as the European and the World championship or the Golden Race in Portugal where the winner cash 75000 euros. If pigeon breeding can be simple and relatively cheap but it could be also involve considerable amount of money; Pipa (a Belgium society that organize online auction) some years ago sold to a Chinese buyer a pigeon for around 300000 euros and a Portuguese buyers last year bought from Pipa 2 pigeons for 150000 euros. On Pipa’s site while it is possible to find pigeons for around 400 euros very often the prices reach 5000 euros. While in some European countries there are not so many young and new breeder that adhere to the sport in other countries like Brazil, South Africa, Turkey, India, Japan, China and Taiwan pigeon racing is becoming increasingly popular possibly because of the incredible bet that is possible to do and the money cash for the winners of the tournaments. Despite the critics relatively to the treatment of the animals in Taiwan a tournament can count even 2-‐3 millions of birds, 500000 people participating and the prize money for races reaches the billions of NT dollars.
Since ISIS' declaration of a caliphate headquartered in Mosul, many in the media have drawn comparisons between Iraq and Afghanistan. Although the American-brokered unity government is set to take the reigns of the country, the threat of insecurity looms. People still remember the terrorist attacks on soft targets in the capital this spring, but despite these memories, a relaxed atmosphere permeates through parts of Kabul. The average per capita income in Afghanistan is around $700 per year, but there is a growing segment of Kabuli society that earns significantly more, and they are looking for ways to enjoy their free time. For young Afghans, this can be gathering at someone's house to listen to music or smoke hookah. Outside the home, there is an array of options: in recent years, a water park, bowling alley, and karaoke bar have opened up in the city. The latest addition to the entertainment scene is Kabul Paintball Park, an outdoor arena where visitors use weapons that shoot paint instead of ones that shoot bullets.
The Vatican Television Center is the television commissioned in 1983 by Pope John Paul II in order to improve and expand the communication of the church and bring it closer to the processes going on in the current media system. Its mission is to document all the activities of the Pope and the Holy See. In his thirty years, under pressure from the media of the major Italian and international network, told the historic renunciation of Benedict XVI, the conclave and the election of the new Pope Francis: a chain of events that played a essential role in the development of communication strategies aimed at updating the official image of the church, emphasizing the direct involvement of the faithful in the events and encouraging the participation of the spectators who followed them on live television. Today it is a modern television with high-definition camera, a modern direction, camera angles studied in detail and a constant coverage of all events related to the Pope, that demonstrates the importance of the image in spreading the evangelical message.
Cambodia is a country in great development. where foreign investment, mostly Russians and French, have changed the habits and the lifestyle of many people. But, not very far from the tourist beach of Serendipity Sianoukville or the magnificent temples of Angkor, people are living in a desperate way. In particular, the country continues to be littered with landmines, sad legacy of the tragic history experienced in the last 25 years of the last century. The mines were used in mass by the Khmer Rouge from 1975 to 1979. During these years, their leader Pol Pot was the architect of one of the most radical and bloody revolutions in human history. About 1.8 million people died in those years, thousands of people were killed in the countryside or in labor camps. Cambodia was liberated by the Vietnamese army and, later in the 80s the same Vietnamese who, using the local forced labor, built a minefield of 700km along the entire border between Cambodia and Thailand . After their retire, more mines were placed by cambodian government to prevent a new invasion and, again, by the Khmer Rouge in order to protect the areas where they had taken refuge, and from which they developed guerrilla actions until the death of Pol Pot took place on April 15 1998.
The situation for some women in Afghanistan is abysmal. However, in order to understand the future of this war-affected nation, Afghan women - overwhelmingly portrayed as veiled subjects controlled by their fathers and husbands - cannot all be viewed as powerless victims. Women are moving to the forefront, despite the country’s male-dominated culture. They are parliamentarians, lawyers, athletes, businesswomen, musicians, and more than even before, they are role models for a younger generation of girls. Since the Taliban were thrown out of power almost 13 years ago, women have taken an active part in government and civil society, returning from years spent as refugees in Pakistan or Iran, or reemerging from the hidden life they were forced to lead in their own country. Women are attaining leadership and power positions despite being harassed and threatened for going against fixed gender roles in a traditional society. They are fighting to make their voice heard, both in their professional and personal lives. While these women must deal with challenges, risks and targeted attacks, none of them is willing to give up what she has achieved.
A referendum on whether Scotland should be an independent country will take place on Thursday 18 September 2014. Following an agreement between the Scottish Government and the United Kingdom Government, the Scottish Independence Referendum Bill, setting out the arrangements for this referendum, was put forward on 21 March 2013, passed by the Scottish Parliament on 14 November 2013 and received Royal Assent on 17 December 2013. The referendum question, as recommended by the Electoral Commission, will be "Should Scotland be an independent country?” The referendum is a once-in-a-generation opportunity for people in Scotland to have their say about the country’s future. This work work is part of a bigger project aiming to analyze independence movements in Europe and it’s focused only on the people in favor of the independence of Scotland to analyze the reasons that push people to take such a risky decision, what they see in an independent Scotland that can not be achieved just remaining part of the UK.
Alessandro Rampazzo travelled through Scotland, from Edinburgh to Inverness to the isle of Skye, meeting people from different groups supporting the independence as much as normal people just in favor of an independent Scotland to understand the different reasons, as much as the shared ones, for voting yes to the independence of Scotland.
The political climate in Sweden is changing, as an increasing number of people choose to put their votes on one of the nationalist or far-right political parties. This wave goes throughout all Europe, though to win over the somewhat reserved Swedish population, the well-tried violence and profatinies is not going to do the trick. A more subtle approach was needed.
The anti-immigration movement in Sweden has gone through a transformation the past few years, making the ideas appeal to more voters by adding intelligible, well-dressed and well-mannered spokespersons who addresses the common man. The political tendencies also rubs off on other parts of the society, like presenting xenophobic and racist staements as art.
We have followed seven characters, seven faces that in different ways have been connected with anti- immigration, xenophobia or right-extremism. Showing the complex and versatile state of xenophobia in Sweden.
Text: Lea Pakkanen
Myanmar's first years as a democratic state haven't been rosy for everyone. Instead of new opportunities the country's Muslim Rohingya minority has become victims of ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity brought upon them by their Buddhist countrymen and Myanmar's government officials. The Rohingya, already discriminated in Myanmar for decades by moving restrictions, family size limitations, marriage restrictions, limitations on education and negation of Myanmar's citizenship unless able to prove ancestorship prior to British rule, sees their future now more darker than ever. During the sectarian clashes of 2012 5000 houses and entire Rohingya villages were destroyed with arson all over Rakhine state. Hundreds of people were killed as the buddhist Rakhine citizens armed with machetes and boosted into killing frenzy by buddhist monks looted the Muslim quarters. Mass graves were dug up by government officials to store the brutally murdered Rohingyas. Now over 100 000 Rohingyas have been living in the refugee camps across the state for almost two years. "I was lucky to jump into the sea and hide underwater. Otherwise I would have been shot by the police," says Aung Min, a 28-year old Rohingya father of three and a community leader in a Rohingya refugee camp near Sittwe. Human rights organization Human Rights Watch accuses Myanmar's officials of committing ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity on the Rohingya population. Empty slots that stand in place of the torched Rohingya villages dot the landscape of Sittwe. The state's capital air is filled with fear and suspicion as the rumors of Rohingya terrorists being trained at Al Qaida camps spread around. We are afraid that the Muslims want to kill us all, says a market seller in Sittwe harbor market, which has now been emptied of it's Muslim vendors. The international aid organizations responsible for the maintenance of the refugee camps are terrified about the future conditions of continuing the aid work as the contempt of the Rakhine Buddhist population towards the "helpers of the Muslims" grows. The Buddhists see the aid NGOs as being partial to the Rohingya, despite the fact that 95% of the internal refugees caused by the conflict are Rohingya, and only 5% Buddhists. With the coming Myanmar's population census the situation is not getting any brighter for the Rohingya. The government has shown no interest in including the estimated 1 000 000 strong minority into the list of the official Myanmar's citizen minorities. Already now the question of census heats the discussion among the Myanmar people, Buddhist and Rohingya. The future clashes seem inevitable.
Sextremist, as Femen calls itself, could be the shortest description of the topless protest group. Soon after gaining considerable media coverage after initially being founded on 2008 in Ukraine against prostitution and sex tourism, Femen claimed to broaden their fight against “patriarchy, dictatorship, religion and sex industry”. After increasing threats following chainsawing a 13 feet high christian cross in central Kiev in August 2012, Inna Shevchenko, born 1990 a journalism graduate from Kiev University and a key member of the movement, fled to France to seek political asylum and founded Femen international in a squatted theater in Goutte d’Or a mainly African muslim neighborhood in Paris. Since then Femen continues to train activists, promote the movement worldwide (they have opened ten new branches in countries across the world) and organize protests.
The Predio da Caixa is located in the downtown point in Niterói, close to Rio De Janeiro. Hundreds of prostitutes live and work in the apartments that in May, were raided by officers from 76th Police Precinct and DEAM Niterói. Warrantless officers raided four floors of the building, and took more than 100 women to the station and seized their property. According to Heloise Melino, women were assaulted and raped – Police put his hands on genitals of prostitutes and forced the women to do oral sex with them.
Over 400 prostitutes who live or work at the site have been displaced. The trade shops and hairdressing salons are also being closed. Seniors who live at the site for years have to face now the 9 floors of stairs because the elevator was also stopped. Transvestites, gays and lesbians who found shelter in the region are on the street. The official reason for the eviction was that the whole building of the 9 floors was not anymore suitable for living. Nevertheless, the police evicted only the floors were the prostitutes lived and put documents on the doors indicating “Partial Interdiction”. Melino says: "They can do it with prostitutes, because they have certainty of impunity and ensuring that society will not hear them scream." The action is part of series of impunities committed daily in the name of a “cleaner” city. Property speculation, which is present in large centers, expropriates violently thousands of families from their homes. What draws attention to the case is, how the police treats the case, taking advantage of women and seizing their assets with the assurance of corporate impunity. The essay documents the resistance of women who refused to leave from their homes and workplaces to the streets, and the conditions in which they live daily.
Itaquera is the district in the eastern outskirts of Sao Paulo which will host the opening match of the FIFA 2014 World Cup. Although close to half a million U S dollars has been spent in the construction of a new stadium, Arena Itaquera, and approximately thirty percent of it's cost has been granted by Sao Paulo in the form of tax incentives, part of Itaquera's impoverished population still lack basic infrastructure in the areas of housing and sanitation.
In May 2014, taking advantage of the spotlight on the World Cup, more than 4,000 homeless families occupied over 150 kilometers of unused land, focusing attention on their living conditions. On the other hand, Itaquera emerging middle class use the local shopping center as their main leisure area, though the region offers some options for outdoor leisure such as Sesc Itaquera and Parque do Carmo, used mostly by children skating, playing football or flying kites. Built according to so-called "Fifa Standard", the sumptuous new stadium stands out in stark contrast to its surroundings, figuring as a metaphor for social inequality in Brazil.
The population of Brazil, as recorded by the 2008 PNAD, is approximately 190 million and 83.75% of the population is defined as urban. Brazil’s housing deficit is around 7 million units, referring to the number of shelters which do not have adequate conditions to be habitable, in addition to the number of housing units that need to be built to shelter all families who currently lack one. As a result, they share a shelter with another household in overcrowded conditions. São Paulo is the biggest city of Brazil and South America with almost 20 million people living in the city. Housing, in Brazil largest city São Paulo, is one of the biggest issues poor people have been facing in the last years. Since 2008, real estate prices in São Paulo have shot up by nearly 200%. Over the last five years, rising real estate speculation in central São Paulo has created a deficit of affordable housing. In response, left wing housing movements seize abandoned buildings, transforming them into housing units for poor and vulnerable families. In some cases these buildings can host up to one thousand people. The size of the apartment is generally around 40sq meters, and the bathroom is normally shared within few families. Cinema Marrocos stands in the paulista capital downtown. When inaugurated, in 1951, it has been called "The best and most luxury cinema of South America". In 2013 after many years in which the cinema remained closed, a social movement occupied the cinema and the 12 floor building above. Since October 2013 around 370 families live there, for a total amount of more than 1000 people. This is their story.
In/visible – It is their scars which make people look at them. They are openly stared at or eyed discretely. Some people look away immediately because they are ashamed or feel awkward or want to forget what they have just seen. It is easier for society not to acknowledge those who are different, to ignore them and thus to exclude them and make them invisible. Therefore, it is not only the visible scars from which survivors of fire and acid attacks and accidents are suffering for their whole life. Above all, it is other people’s reactions to their disfigurements which are pushing them to the edge of society. Acid and fire attacks are committed all over the world. The media have recently reported about cases in England and Italy. Victims of such attacks can also be found in Iran, Afghanistan and Columbia. However, Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Uganda are particularly affected. According to Acid Survivors Trust International based in London, partnering organizations in these six countries take care of the approximately 1,000 survivors of acid and fire attacks. Some of them were splashed with acid, others with kerosene and then set on fire, and others attempted to commit suicide by setting fire to themselves. Every year, some 1,500 acid attacks are registered worldwide. There are far more cases, however. Not every attack is reported. The survivors often do not dare report the perpetrator to the police, or they are financially dependent on them. Therefore, it is presumed that the number of unrecorded cases is significantly higher. Although one cannot ascribe acid and fire attacks to one country, one religion or one society, one fact cannot be denied: the majority of the victims are women.
TEXT BY LAURA SALM-REIFFERSCHEIDT
Donetsk, May 25, 2014
While in Lenin Square is proclaimed the independent republic of Nova Russia, no polling station is open in the city center. A few smaller towns in the region show a very low turnout in the Ukrainian presidential elections. The new President-elect Poroshenko in the evening announces that there will be no mediation with the pro-Russia Separatist militia who patrol the entrances to the city. During the night and in the morning of May 26 clashes come close to the city, from the front line arrive the first war bulletins. And the first victims among civilians. In Donetsk the streets are empty as people begin to feel something ambiguous, firefights and bombings closer and closer in to the city center.
The Armenian Christian minority in Syria has always lived in peace. The area of Aleppo , the region close to the southern border of Turkey, Kessab and plenty other villages have become home to hundreds of thousands of Armenians after the Diaspora. The explosion of the war in Syria and especially its radicalization has broken the balance of civil life , and Christians feel threatened and under attack , especially after the attack of the city of Kessab on 21 March , by al - Nusra Front the Syrian branch of al- Qaeda . 12000 Armenian decided to take refuge in their land , the Great Mother Armenia. The community of Syrian Armenian refugees in Armenia is a complex and diverse society . Coming from a middle or high class, to maintain their social status ,they live in large apartments in the center of Yerevan spending savings of a lifetime quickly running out. The majority of refugees who lost everything in the war , lives in absolute poverty and hundreds of families live with $ 25 per person per month. Finally, those who have no chance to survive in the capital, may want to be sent to Karabakh , a theater of war still not officially concluded with Azerbaijan. As modern settlers they are being given a free house and land to farm in a remote area on the border with Iran, for precise political and demographics calculations. To all these people Armenia meant homeland of language, culture and religion . The idealized land . Now it is becoming a trap, where they remain suspended between the melancholy of exile and the material difficulties of integration.
TEXT AVAILABLE by Alessio Polveroni
“In Uganda starting from February 24th 2014, when the anti-gay law had been approved, everything it has changed” stays S. , 30 years old from Kampala. “My life has had a meltdown and now I live in constant fear that someone will knock on my door and arrest me, or worse, make me disappear.” This law, in the form in which it had been approved, provides for penalties of up to life imprisonment for everyone who is accused of the "crime of homosexuality" and up to 7 years for everyone who is accused of aiding and abetting. Crime of aiding that can “condemn” even the lawyers of the accused person or a witness. It makes extremely difficult to defend those who are accused. Now, in addition, it is no longer necessary to take the a person in the sexual act: in the fragrance of full ratification, suspicion of homosexuality is enough to be accused. All the churches in the country, in particular the Evangelical Church and the Pentecostal Church , after being among the promoters of the law are now those who promote and lead the most anti-gay propaganda. In the latest months, because of fear and inability to go out even just to take a bus, alcoholism has increased greatly within the gay community. For lots of them it has become the only way to escape reality or to spend their time. Their life enjoys if they can take the opportunity to live in protected locations. The majority go to bar owned by people they can trust blindly, friends who do not abandon them . The richest people usually go to places frequented mainly by the few Westerners in the country. Exclusive places extremely expensive.
Turin , a large city in northern Italy. For years, a symbol of prosperity and economic revival , thanks to FIAT and the dream of “a car for everyone” In the 60 's and 70's tens of thousands of people from the south of the country have moved here just to work in the automotive industry and its supply chain . But as has happened in Detroit, also in the italian Motown , when the main industry is in crisis, that of the car , it goes into crisis an entire social system. Turin is in fact the city hardest hit by the economic crisis . Last year more than 4,500 families have lost their homes , no longer having the ability to pay rent or a mortgage. The new poor are workers , middle class, dealers, but also small business owners who lived through the market led by FIAT , and now have lost everything. The social tension in the city is palpable. The emergency is the house, the dorms are full , some are sleeping in parks and many try to occupy the old dilapidated buildings now derelict and disused .
Mr Jacob is the first man in Mozambique that obtained a forestall concession for fauna conservation; it consist in 35000 hectares in the Querimbas National Park of bush, forest and wild life where he built few cottages for touristic purposes. But Mozambique is loosing the war against poachers . Untill September 2013 an elephant was visiting Jacob camp every morning. When he was killed the poachers left the head of the animal in the middle of the road that reach Jacob camp as an advise. The WWF calculate that the number of elephant poached in Mozambique in 2013 is more than 2500. In the last 14 months 85 elephants were killed in Jacob reserve. Mr Jacob has Kenyan origins, his father and his grandfather were professional hunters, he decide to change the destiny of his family and to start to protect the animals. He moved to Mozambique during the civil war and just after he obtained the forestall concession, the elephant population was growing again. But in the last years a new market emerged in Mozambique: the Ivory Market. The buyers of Ivory are mostly Chinese and Vietnamese but the poachers are from African country and they are now equipped with helicopters registered in the Comoros island, automatic weapons and have a military training. The rangers of Mr Jacob have just an old Russian rifle from II World War. The last year has been the worst. The poachers now hunt babies for meat. What is remaining in Jacob concession is just his elephant skeleton heads collection.
Bachysaray is a small town, located 30 km from Simferopol. In Bachysaray 30% of the population are Tatars, native Crimean muslims that during the second world war were deported by Stalin’s Regime to various regions of the Soviet Union ( Urzbekistan , Siberia, Abkhazia,Kazakistan). Only in the nineties, after fall of the Soviet Union, they were allowed to return to their land, where they started to rebuilt their homes and celebrate their traditions and religious beliefs . During these days of crisis, and after the referendum which ratifies the annexation of Crimea to Russia , the level of concern for this minority rises. Tatars live with the fear that they might suffer once again the same injustices, grievances and provocations from the pro-Russian civil-militia, that in the meantime, backed by the Russian army, have occupied the Ukraine military base in the centre of the town. At the time being, the Tatars carry on with their daily life, patrolling the streets of their village night and day, and in the meantime the Russian troops took control of the military base overlooking the city in order to keep track of the whole area
From Milan to Crotone, Italy Deep South. On foot. Marcello Fauci has decided to tell his country walking from North to South. Few things in the backpack, and a camera. No trains, cars nor buses, walked for two months, covering 1500km, sleeping by the people encountered during his trip. The result is a fantastic portrait of the country, made of diversity, contrasts, traditions and landscapes. A kind of inner journey, to tell people and places that only the slowness allows you to explore, to seek the cultural roots of a country is not always easy to understand
From the mid of XIX century, important migration fluxes departed from Italy directed to different areas of the world in order to find possibilities and a better situation. One of the areas where Italian people went for most was Crimea, part of the Russian Empire. Attracted by permissive migratorie policies promoted by the Russian Empire, by fertile grounds and by the strategic position of the peninsula for the maritime trade, Italians settled down in Crimea and above all in the city of Kerch, which is located in the narrow that divide the Black Sea from the Azov Sea. Moreover, in 1853 exploded the Crimean War, which saw Sardinia Kingdom together with France, United Kingdom and the Ottoman Empire facing the Russian Empire in order to prevent them from controlling The Bosphorus. Italian soldier, commanded by General La Marmora, fought with honor and eventually won the conflict. After the end of the war, a large number of soldiers joined the compatriots already in Crimea. It is estimated that at the end of XIX century Italians consisted of 5% of the population of the Crimean Peninsula. They were merchants, architects (Mr. Scazzi constructed the biggest harbor in the city), ship owners, commanders and peasantries. With the collapse of the Russian Empire and the seizure of power by the Bolsheviks, Italians as well as other minorities started to be mistreated. Initially their land were confiscated in order to create collective farms. Thus, a part of them came back to Italy, dropping the total down to 2%. However, the tragedy came with the advent of Stalin as leader of USSR. During the period of “Stalian Purges”, Italian were forced to abandon their houses, permitted only to take few things among their goods. Accused to be spies at service of fascism, they were all deported from Crimea to Siberian and Kazakhstan labor camps. More than 3000 people were packed into freight trains with animals for a trip that lasted two months. A large number of them died before reaching the camps due to cold, hunger and harshness. Who reached the destinations did not find a better situation… With the death of Stalin, some of Italian deportees came back to Crimea while others kept their position in the wastelands of Kazakhstan. Terrified by the possibility of new persecutions, most of them hide their heritage, stopped speaking italian and eventually changed their documents. They became Russians. Nowadays, in the area of the narrow of Kerch live about 150 families with Italian origins. Some of them are still in hungry with Italian institutions due to the lack of protection during the deportation and the recognition after the fall of USSR, while others claim with force their heritage, struggling to obtain Italian citizenship. They are assembled in the association CERKIO, “Italiani di Crimea”, headed by Giulia Giacchetti Boiko. The expectations of their future is gloomy due to the Ukrainian crisis and the uncertain situation of the Crimean Peninsula at a crossroads between choosing to go to Russia or NATO.
After the war in Kosovo in 99 , thousands of refugees poured in Montenegro , still federated with Serbia , and that's why they still have the status of " Internally Displazed ." On the outskirts of Podgorica was created what is still the largest refugee camp in the Balkans, Camp Konic . In conditions of extreme poverty , absolute lack of hygiene and social unrest , even today, 15 years after the end of the war , in Konic thousands of people live , close to the largest landfill in the country. They are RAE, Roma , Ashkai, Egyptians from Kosovo , who survive mostly by digging into the layers of the nearby garbage dump in search of some object to resell. The refugees camp is divided into two different areas , Konic One and Konic Two , and it represents a microcosm in which they recreated the dynamics that led to the war of 1999. On the one hand the Roma from Kosovo Serbs, on the other hand , the refugees of Albanian language, separated by a kind of desolate no man's land . The tension between the two groups is likely to worsen due to the decision of the Podgorica municipality , which has prompted the evacuation of Konic Two, to make room for the landfill. Within a few months all the inhabitants of the camp will move to Konic One (the work has already started) and all will live in close contact .
Aduma , 19, and his brother Bempa , 23 , left the refugee camp Mpoko at seven in the morning . They were looking for something to eat. Their bodies have been returned this evening. Riddled with bullets . On soil that now covers Aduma and Bempa, the mother and grandmother have posed the charger of a mobile phone, a shoe , the hat of a football team. All around the lives of a 120.000 souls with no more food, water, medicine, continues to flow noisy and indifferent. In Mpoko you die too often and too quickly , says Evelyn . Her husband Andre , 51, fell suddenly. A stray bullet hit him in the head. According to the report released by Amnesty International in the Central African Republic is an ongoing genocide. The militias antibalaka , born as a reaction to the violence perpetrated by Muslims seleka for over 10 months, are making an ethnic cleansing which caused 750,000 IDPs and 280 000 refugees in neighboring countries. Fallen on deaf ears , for now, the pressing invitations to forgiveness and peace of the imam and the Archbishop of Bangui : hate will last for a long time. The situation in the country is desperate, humanitarian aid remain blocked at the border of Cameroon , the soldiers of the African Union and the French are not able to protect the convoy of WFP . In the same Bangui , every night , ring out the bangs of mortars : seleka and anti Balaka remain under arms in various parts of the capital . The army has been dissolved and the military , unarmed , live hidden or participate in the looting. The economy of the country, in the hands of the Muslims on the run, no longer exists. In Bangui missing everything except fear.
"The room was dark, and it was so full of smoke that it was difficult to breathe inside. Nasirian was tied from her arms and legs. The girl was strong and struggled. Six women were on all fours on the ground and tried to keep her down. He was not numb, and no pain relief was used on her. Except a bucket of cold water poured into her naked body. One of the ladies revealed an ordinary razor blade in her hands for the mutilation. Nasirian cried and the floor was streaming from blood. The more she leaked, the more she screamed. After few minutes her genitals were completely unrecognizable. "
Nasirian and Isina are 14-year old stepsisters in a small Masai village, South-West Kenya. They have been advised not to cry during female circumcision. The genital cutting is said to be done to get them married in the future. The World Health Organization estimates that there are more than 140 million mutilated women in the world. Female genital mutilation is a tradition practiced worldwide in 29 countries, mainly in Africa and Middle-East. Muslims follow the old way of the tradition, but equally Christians and practitioners of nature religions. Girls' circumcision has been illegal in Kenya since 2001, but among some tribes such as the Masai people, it is still a valued tradition. The tradition stems from the belief that woman's sexual organs are considered to be impure. The intention is also to reduce women's sexual pleasure, and thus women's adultery . In some places the girls are cut as infants, others are only in their teens. The violent operation differ from cutting off a small piece of the clitoris and the removal of all external genitalia: the clitoral hood, the clitoris and the minor and major labia. Sometimes the mouth of the vagina is sewn shut leaving a small hole for urine, menstrual blood and sexual intercourse. Surgery is usually done under primitive conditions and girls are subjected to a variety of risks. The girl can die because of the pain of shock and blood poisoning. Later, women may suffer from persistent infections, and urination and intercourse can be painful, and giving birth life-threatening. Female genital cutting has been widely judged as a procedure against human rights and as a serious violation against women's sexual independence.
Roman is 26 years old, a former soldier who fought in Afghanistan. It is now at the head of a small militia made up of a dozen twenty-somethings, who patrol the streets of Kiev from midnight to dawn. In a situation of substantial stalemate, the crisis in Ukraine is slowly becoming a war of positions, with more and more military. Organized groups of pro-government mercenaries, called Tituskha, attack the protesters outside the Maidan Square, the heart of the revolt, and in the suburbs. The militias, such as the one led by Roman, day maintain order and security within the square, at night they're moving in compact patrols throughout the city, to identify and "neutralize" groups of Tituskha. Within the occupied palaces held true councils of war, briefing and training the techniques of hand to hand combat.
A scenario that is getting closer to civil war.
A new media phenomenon has emerged in Brazil as a result of mass protests that are spreading in the country since June. The collective information NINJA Midia , with its model of broadcasting live from the streets based on " no cuts , no censorship," has attracted the attention and admiration of thousands of people in recent weeks. NINJA is the portuguese acronym for " Narratives Independent Journalism and Action ." And it is the last word -‐ action -‐ that set the tone for their journalistic style and sparked a debate over whether it still makes sense to separate journalism from activism . NINJA mainly uses 4G mobile phones and other devices to produce its programs, which are mostly improvised and do not have a running order behind. If it is true that live broadcasts are nothing new , what is striking is the exposure , as Ninja is able to reach more than 200,000 spectators. The " ninjas " share their content via POST TV and social media and receive relevant answers from the audience , beating the average of the interactions that major Brazilian media recorded on their pages. NINJA has already more than 230,000 'likes ' on his Facebook page , even though the group was created a few months ago.
Ukranian crisis is at his core. thousands and thousands of demonstrators are occupying Maidan Square, in the center of Kiev, to defy protest ban and to demand for the immediate resignation of their president, Yanukovich. Tens of thousands of protesters rallied in Ukraine today, buoyed by pledges of support from Europe and the United States, in a bid to wring new concessions from President Viktor Yanukovych. More than 50,000 people could be seen on Kiev's barricaded Independence Square -- that has become the epicentre of a two-month protest movement -- and thousands more were arriving. Maidan square and the government buildings are occupied: Protester, voulunteers and people lives there untill the anti-government protest kick out the president.
Honduras is currently the country with the highest murder rate in the world. More than 20 people are killed daily by firearms in this Central American country. One of the main causes of this structural violence is definitely family breakdown. Most of honduran moms and grandmothers, with low economic resources, must go ahead with lots of children and with the absence of the father figure and its respective eco- nomic contribution. One of the rising factor within the family breakdown structure is teen pregnancy. Only in the year 2012 more than 50,000 teenage girls became pregnant in Honduras. According to the report State of the World Population, conducted by the United Nations, Honduras is the second Latin American country with the highest rate of teenage pregnancies, after Nicaragua and second only to sub-Saharan Africa. Official data show that in Honduras 22 of every 100 pregnancies are adolescents, a value which increases year after year. In the Hospital Escuela in Tegucigalpa, which receives daily lot of pregnant teens are girls between 12 and 18 years, 34% of the deliveries are from teenagers. According to the United Nations Population Fund teen pregnancy is not related to responsive to decisions of young women but to the lack of opportunities, social, cultural, eco- nomic pressures, and the context in which they live. In that sense the girls under 18 with low income, living in rural areas and with less educational background are more likely to become pregnant than others. Among the main causes of teenage pregnancy also include lack of family planning, lack of access to contraception, banning emergency contraception, sexual stimuli present in the media, the prevailing sexism in the underlying patriarchal culture and the alarming rates of intrafamily violations (by the father or the partner of her moms) who suffer the region. Young mums live pregnancy as a break from the transition between childhood and adulthood. His early pregnancy carries negative connotations and is accompanied by feelings of guilt, rejection and lack of connection with the newborn. Many teen moms usually drop out her studies after delivery and it has an impact on future economic condition of both mom and baby. For the current Honduran society, marked by violence and hopelessness, teen pregnancy remains as an obstacle to their emancipation.
This feature aims to investigate and document what are the needs and the everyday life of the people suffering from rare diseases. Discovering that behind every case of a rare disease lurks a real life rare , made of force , stubbornness , suffering, but also of great joy and discovery.
“As a drop of water falling into a pond creates ripples that spread over the entire surface , so my rare disease called CIDP , propagates the will to live , courage, love , positivity and willingness in every moment of my life “. “A person suffering from a rare disease , is as the seed of a plant that travels for miles by the wind and falls unexpectedly on a land which is almost totally unprepared to receive it. Nevertheless the seed is strong and can not wait to grow up and become a tree. The land of the family feeds him and learn to know , to accept , to support it and to devote themselves to its growth with all the patience and dedication that are necessary. “ One of the subjects of the work is Giovanna Vignola, who starred in the movie “The Great Beauty” by Paolo Sorrentino (nominees for Best Foreign Language Film at Accademy Award), in the role of Dadina and who suffers from achondroplasia. This story has been made to celebrate the world day dedicated to rare diseases by 28 February.The threshold of incidence of rare diseases is the the 0,05%, according to EU Currently rare diseases are estimated between 8 and 9000 , this means that although each rare disease have a lower incidence of 0.05 % of the population , the incidence of all rare diseases and dramatically higher : about 500 thousand patients throughout Italy .
"Forgotten Crisis" is the technical term that NGO use to those conflicts that have not enough media coverage. The internal conflict in Colombia is part of this group, although the numbers are creepy: 5 million internal refugees, farmers, indigenous and fro descendent forced to leave their villages and their lands with threats and violence. 12 million hectares of arable land usurped to make way for plantations of coca leaf and extensive livestock farming of cattle. 30,000 people killed in the last 10 years, mostly people who had nothing to do with drug trafficking or the guerrillas. A kilometer southwest of Bogota , capital of Colombia, is the village of Soacha . Other than the capital and full of contrasts is the mirror of multi-cultural Colombia . There are approximately 500,000 people from all over the country , most of them fled from the war that plagues Colombia since 50 years . According to official data , 79 % of the population of Soacha is from other regions and only 21% was born in the village. On a hilltop near Soacha is perched Altos de la Florida. Along rough trails lie some isolated brick houses surrounded by myriads of corrugated iron shacks . Almost all the families who live in Altos de la Florida were expelled by force from the most disparate rural areas of Colombia. From the Atlantic Coast or the Pacific , from the Andes to the great plains have arrived families with different culture and ethnicity and in common only the history of forced expulsion . Exhausted by violence and threats from paramilitaries, drug traffickers and guerrilla million of people have fled their villages of origin to seek refuge in Bogota. Without experience of life in the city , without family and without economic resources many have been forced to sleep under bridges living by begging. Suffocated by debt and unable to support themselves and their families, are again the victims of a " desplazamiento " , this time for economic reasons. And Altos de Florida becomes the only option.
Text by Nadya Gonzalez
During the fifty years of communist dictatorship in Albania the Adriatic coasts were dotted with agave plantations in order to prevent a hypothetical attack by paratroopers while along all the territory started the constructions of bunkers made off concrete and steel. It is estimated there have been built about 750,000. Twenty years after the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the communist dictatorship , Albania is still characterized by the massive presence of his bunkers. Nevertheless, the bunkers have suffered a different fate : most of these have been destroyed with the dual purpose of removing the dramatic and embarrassing past together with the extraction of the precious metal used to build them. Some were decorated to defuse the coexistence , others became landfill while others are simply forgotten . However a part of these bunkers have been reconverted by the population for different purposes. They became bars, restaurants, shops, stables, a tattoo studio and even a church in honor of the fallen during the dictatorship. These bunkers alternate with those who persist in everyday life of the population, creating a shadow of the past that is inexorably slowly dissolving
There is a new generation of Indians that struggles in the name of love. They risk their lives in order to fulfill their dream of marrying the person they want. They run away from their families who, due to the social context, condemn their choices and try to hurt or kill them. They break with the traditional system of values and create a new order. They fight against the caste - still present in India even though Gandhi declared it illegal - and a strict religious system, overcoming these formidable obstacles and following their hearts instead. There are no certain numbers concerning the size of this group because the government, considering them a danger rather than a resource, doesn't have an interest in supporting them. This movement is particularly strong in some areas of northern India, in places such as Delhi, Rajasthan, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh, where the consequences of globalization and Indian economic development crash against the medieval structures of the society. The struggles of these people are hard: many of them are caught after their escape. Women are imprisoned in rooms where they are bitten and tortured by male family members (father, brothers, uncles, cousins) and forced to stay without food and water. They are coerced into marrying men they don't love. If they refuse they are killed in a horrific way. The rage of the female’s families are also passed on to their lovers. If they are taken they are murdered. The only protection for these “rebels of love” is in shelters which are developing in Delhi and Haryana, such as the Love Commandos (a group that offers protection to couples who face threats), or in government refuges.
The military summer camp in Mogyoród, Hungary, is a private project which each year sees the arrival of hundreds of children and teenagers between 10 and 15 years old.Some came attracted by the fascination of the military way of life, a militarism which is omnipresent in Hungarian society thanks to its imperial past and the memories of both the Nazi and the Communist periods. Others are brought here by their parents (mostly Hungarian nationalists) so as to introduce them to the unforgiving adult world where emotions are rarely permitted and life must be faced with rectitude and discipline. For a week they will live in tents, will receive military training from experienced soldiers who are still active, will acquire notions regarding Order and the Homeland, will endure long nights on guard duty without sleep, will learn how to use old out of service AK-47s built in Czechoslovakia (with blanks) and will even simulate being under teargas attacks. It will be a week of screamed orders during which intense physical exercise, educational behaviorism and precooked food will prevail; a place where any vulnerabilities and all questioning of military methods are simply overlooked, silenced and inwardly repressed. The young soldiers who had previously already felt the call of the Homeland will live the week’s activities impregnates wit epic airs. On the other hand, the skeptical protagonists, increasingly desensitized, more obedient, more docile, will have been transformed into disciplined young patriots of the great Hungary which one day will go back to being what it once was.
The hip-hop and underground Egyptian movement began well before the revolution of 2011 to denounce the injustice of the Mubarak regime . Tahrir Square was the conculsion of a long social journey in which even the band of local rappers have reaped the rewards of their protests and their songs have become anthems of the revolution. The ‘underground’ Arab seems to have found the initial message of protest without imitating the American movement , keeping proud roots in the Egyptian culture , mixing sounds and traditions. The fame achieved by some of these bands have also allowed others to come out and many disciplines to finally have a recognition , from street art to skate-boarding , from parkour to freestyle football . The movement underground becomes a set of expressions of personal freedom , in which the real revolution is not just politics , but especially the social and above all the cultural , a generation that for the first time break the rules of tradition, toward a real change . With the military back to power after the SCAF , after Morsi, are these young boys and girls, that feel they have been a little robbed of “their revolution “ to remind the powers that they are the ones to inculcate in the generations to come the seeds of the next revolution
According to the Amnesty International report, published on the 17th of October, Egyptian authorities are systematically arresting dozens of Syrian and Palestinian refugees, detaining them for long time in awful hygienic and health conditions, therefore forcing them to look for money in order to buy a ticket to Turkey or Lebanon or, alternatively, they have to sign to be sent back to their own countries. All that without taking into consideration the potential serious risks that may occur to the refugees coming back to their countries.The obstinacy of the authorities, the hostile and unfriendly environment that Syrians have been experiencing in Egypt since the month of July- when they were accused by the media to support the Muslim Brotherhood- and finally the desperate economic conditions of many families of refugees are among the causes of the increasing number of clandestine boats that recently have set sail from the ports of Alexandria to reach the Italian coasts. Journeys of hope that, more and more often, turn into tragedies, with dozens of deaths. Mohamed is a thirty years old Syrian, arrested on a truck of refugees one morning in September while, with other refugees, he was going to meet the sailors of the boat that should have clandestinely taken him to Italy. After staying 20 days in a prison in Alexandria, in order to avoid being deported to Syria, he managed to escape with another prisoner. Mohamed, currently, having lost everything, had no choice but contacting another dealer and he is now waiting for another call to try again to sail towards Italy and then Europe.
Text by Alessio Polveroni
Tahrir lies at the heart of the Egyptian revolution; this square epitomizes change and hope, yet it is also the place where the fiercest riots between civil society and the regime took place. It is a square where for two years two anonymous armies have been fighting, acting as the unaware actors, day after day, of a deeply historic role, where the people embodied progress and the regimes the preservation of a status quo. The former leveraged new technologies and modern values to take inspiration and mobilize the masses, while the latter resorted to brutality to repress and discredit them. This exploited and, if need be, manipulated microcosm is a small mirror on the heart of the most densely populated capital in the Arab world, reflecting the myriad of contradictions and inner struggles that have scarred this part of the world to this day. The struggle of Egyptian women, for instance, saw them as the protagonists in a revolution that is still unfolding and that, by nature, searched the deepest recesses of political and social life to renew it. Still, it hasn’t given justice to tens of women who, as they were protesting in Tahrir, were the victims of unspeakable violence, rape and abuse orchestrated by the regime to scare them and force them into silence. The memories of these crimes are still sharp and vivid in these women’s minds; in some instances the evidence against the police is clear. Moreover, the way these crimes were perpetrated casts shadows on the regime, which would appear to have resorted to criminals and plain- clothes police agents to terrorize and hit political opponents, much like under Mubarak’s regime.
Giusi Nicolini is the mayor of the small island of Lampedusa.
Anywhere else in the world her role would be completely different, but Lampedusa is not just an amazing touristic italian destination, Lampedusa, for thousand of migrants means Europe. Is the first step in the promise land, just few miles from the african coastline.
The words of Giusi Nicolini about migration are pervaded of humanity and discouragement at the same time, since italian and european institutions left her alone to face the problem of human migration.
I spent a week with her, to document how difficult the life of the Mayor of Europe could become.
There are over 125 million girls and women in the world who have gone through female genital mutilation (FGM). Female circumcision is a custom to remove parts of girls' genitals because of cultural beliefs or tradition. Female genital cutting has been widely judged as a procedure against human rights and as a serious violation against women's sexual independence. FGM is done in most of the cases because of the belief of keeping the girl as a virgin for marriage by the cutting and closing of the vagina.Elisabeth Nkere, 17, was supposed to become a wife to a 65-year-old man when she was 11 years old. The tradition of her village was to circumcise the bride before the planned wedding. Members of the family and relatives prepared Elisabeth's body for the ritual of circumcision. They told her not to cry because the cutting would be for her own benefit, to transform her from childhood to womanhood. The father had received animals, 30 kilos of sugar and 20 kilos of fabrics as exchange for his daughter. Elisabeth escaped on the night before her scheduled circumcision. She left during the night and walked for three days through the savannah without food or water. Finally she met a woman who helped to bring her to a girls' safe house, called Tasaru. Elisabeth and 64 other Masai girls have been rescued by this safe house, where they now live in sisterhood. Elisabeth's father ignored his daughter's existence after she refused to get married. After the escape he threatened to kill her if she dared to ever return. Circumcision has been the fate for over 130 million women. Escaping has been an alternative only for those who have had the courage to leave despite of the threat to life. The project is on-going and will be carried on in Africa, the Middle East, Europe and the United States. The long- term project aims for a publication Right for my body in which circumcised women share their struggles in daily life resulting from an incident which took such a short time, but had irreversible consequences for the rest of their lives.
Everyday almost 21600 cubic meters of industrial sewage ends up in the Buriganga river, Bangladesh, and more than 150 tons of solid polluting agents reach its shore. “Pollution of Buriganga river is caused 60% by tanneries, 30% by other government related activities like boatyards and 10% by the people living in the city” says Jamil Sharif, activist and founder of Buriganga River Keeper. “ There is no sign of life in the river anymore, and is getting worse year after year. Buriganga gave life to Dhaka and Dhaka killed it. According to the “Toxic Tanneries” report made by Human Right Watch in 2012, the only independent survey until now, chemical agents such as hexavalent chromium, mercury, sulphuric acid, formaldehyde, toluene, cadmium, chromium acetate are responsible for the death of the Buriganga river and for thousands of cases of severe intoxication, often with fatal consequences for the people who work or live in the surrounding areas. For HRW this is a “systematic violation of human rights”. In a megalopolis like Dhaka more than 15 million people use the water coming from a poisoned river. But trying to preserve it could be more dangerous than dive into its waters. Aminul Islam, activist, killed in April 2012, on his body clear evidences of torture. Until date, more than 35 activists have been killed, or simply disappeared, because of their attempt to inform the people about the risk of pollution. The owners of the tanneries are members of the government and the multinational corporations involved in this 400 million dollar business per year are ruthless.
The small village of Duisi has a group of women maintaining the old tradition of Sufism which includes their sacred Zikr ritual. The Chechens have settled in the Pankisi Valley in Georgia for 200 years and they have been engaged with Sufism since, but on this day the people coming from Chechnya to Georgia are increasingly preferring to follow the fundamentalist way of Islam. The old women's Sufism is not pleasing the newcomers in the village and it has caused a tensed fight between the liberal elder and conservative youth. Six thousand inhabitants of Duisi has divided into two.For decades the old women have enjoyed the respect from all the villagers, as well as the status of authority. Now they have started to act as mediators between the two groups following two different ways.So far, old women are not being attacked, but as in other Muslim countries, they are considered as a big threat for the Conservatives on Islam. Caucasus, the situation has been unstable since the collapse of the Soviet Union, and all this time young people have been recruited into the guerrilla forces. Even from Duisi the young learners are often sent on a journey to Saudi Arabia, so that they "can get to the right path of Islam." As in many other Muslim countries, the younger generation is much more conservative than their parents.Article's of the main characters is a twenty-year-old Melsi, whose family carries liberal Sufism, but from which herself has moved away to follow the path of the right conservative Islam. Melsi's grandmother, 80-year-old Makvala forms the old women's meetings and rituals, but Melsi's view, this is not part of the real Koran. The main Sufi woman Makvala and 11 other women tell their story and why Sufism would guarantee peace and understanding in Caucasus. The group has managed to draw international attention to the issue of peace in the Caucasus by bringing the zikr ritual to western cultural events. This is the only group in the world, which has brought the religious ritual of women's zikr to the public seeing.
Voodoo dolls and zombies? In reality, the oldest religion in the world has very little to do with all that.The voodoo cult ́s roots lay in Benin, a small country in Western Africa, from where it spread over the whole world due to slave trade, to Northern and Southern America and the Caribbeans where it has found its own interpretations. In collaboration with the journalist Laura Salm‐Reifferscheidt I tried to portray and understand it’s reality and myth. The cult’s numerous ritualistic acts are still an inherent part of everyday life in Benin, they provide healing and maintain the balance in society. It is a the mystic world of priests, healers and magicians, explaining the cult of ancestors and sacrificial rituals . As modernization is shifting the values of the people in Benin, creating new needs and thurst for personal enrichment, Voodoo and its rituals and ceremonies remain an anchor of hope to a more prosperous and fullfilled life, the people moving between faith and superstition, rituals and witchcraft. A religion and culture which is incorporated and lived naturally and farming part of the daily life. Voodoo remains for those who are not initiated a lasting secret, often described as “that, what we will never understand“.
"Whilst the Columbian government and army FARC (Forze Armate Rivoluzionarie Colombiane) sent out a white flag, last November, 4 million refugees have to face everyday the consequences of an on-going 50 year old conflict. Columbia, 48 million inhabitants, and the second country after Sudan having internal refugees: 1/3 of the agricultural population have been forced to leave their own farmlands. Without our land, we are orphans, says Jorge Aleán, Governor of the indigenous tribe Zenù di Tierra Santa, La Apartada, situated in the province of Cordoba, in the north of Columbia. The Desplazados – indigenous, afro-descedants and farmers running from the pacific coast until the amazon forests – have been forced to live on the outskirts, living in miserable conditions, deprived of every right or public service, in secluded conditions, impossibile to move, even to cultivate a small plot or pick forest fruits, with greater sustenance repercussions."
On 27 April 2013, the reporter Ibrahim Mohamed Rage, government Radio Mogadishu journalist, was assassinated in the Somali capital. He had returned to work in Mogadishu in 2009, after years of exile in Kenya and Uganda. Ibrahim Mohamed Rage is the fifth Somali journalist killed since the beginning of this year. The latest in a long list of martyrs of information, including the unforgettable ADBI Hassan Osman, said "Fantastic", who was killed in 27 January 2012 in an ambush. 6 gunshot wounds to the head, fired range by five men with covered faces. Hassan "Fantastic" was the director of Radio Shabel, a free and independent network, born in 2007 in Mogadishu to describe the horror of a war that no one seems able to stop. He was 29 years old. Three children. He was investigating about the corruption of some members of Somalia's transitional government, accused of profiting on humanitarian aid, stolen and then sold on the black market to the refugees themselves. Despite the intervention of the African Union, which has forced the Islamist militias of Al shabaab to take refuge in rural areas of the country, and the international community's support to the new government led by Sheikh Hassan Mohamud, first elected president after twenty years, the killing does not stop. Mogadishu remains one of the most dangerous places in the world. The April 15, 2013, three suicide bombings causing the death of 34 civilians and injuring over 50 people. Journalists and stringer for national and international newspapers know they are targets. The average survival time of a reporter, in the Somali capital, does not reach two years. Omar Nur, 26 years old, webmaster and reporter of Radio Shabel, says: no one will prevent us from continuing to tell. It 's just a small matter of honor
The process of transforming Rio in a more functional and safer destination is a challenge that the government has taken to a further level, it feels like the pride of a nation depends on qualifying as a successful host. The city has been neglected since the shift of political power in the sixties to the current capital city, Brasilia, resulting in a dark process of decadency where the city rapidly turned into a melting pot of violence and a tropical hidden temptation for sleazy tourists craving for local beauties. The great numbers behind the public and private investments which are transforming the entire city into a chaotic working site are a clear sign that Rio is ready to byte back and take full advantage of its growing curve.Forced removal of city dwellers, illegal building of five stars hotel and shopping malls in protect natural parks, real estate speculation and general lack of communication and transparency have raised suspicions and discontent. People are beginning to wonder if these events will actually bring some real benefits to the city and its inhabitants or will only fatten up the greedy claws of corrupt politicians and local tycoons.
Text by Chiara Rimoldi
The advisory council at ONU, with an un-precedented warrant, authorized a brigade of armed men to war, with the task to intervene even with military aid, against the rebels in Kivu known as the 'La brigata', established within the peace keeping mission of the ONU, deployed to ground-level with more than 17000 men, authorized to go ahead with these offensive actions ' in a tough way' against the rebels operating in this torturous region of the east, with the scope to ' prevent the horrendous rise of sexual abuse' in the Democratic Republic in Congo. It's been a long time since the war in Congo, more than 20 years ago. Provoking until date, the death of more than 60000000 people. The most bloody conflict absolutely, since the second world war. Evaluating that in the north-east of the Congo, there operate other 20 rebel groups, funded by countries such as Rwanda, interested in exploiting the resources. The acts of violence against women and children have been a constant during this war. We estimate that an average of 1110 women everyday are subjected to rape, often followed by mutilation, by the militia armed rebels or state authorities.
Mustafa was at Al Qusayr when, in April, Bashar forces attacked the village, killing dozens of people. He wasbehind one of the regime's tanks and he knew personally some of the men who killed. "Suddenly I realized that I was not fighting against terrorists hired from America, as they kept telling us in military barracks." Then Mustafa decided to leave the Army. But the terror of any potential retaliation against his family kept him in the ranks of Bashar for other two months. Then off to Lebanon where he met dozens of former comrades. All together, everyone with own AK47 received from the Army, passed in Turkey to set their tyrants on the wrong track. From there they got back Syria in order to fight their war, but on the other side… "The right one" as they say today.
Deforestation in Haiti is a historic problem started with the French colonization, but now the warning threshold has been greatly exceeded. Without trees, just a few inches of rain can transform the mountains in a mudslide which blocks the roads and sweeps away the seeds planted. Every year numerous are the deaths caused by these landslides, and malnutrition increases precisely because of the inability to cultivate these lands.
Recently, however, after many international organizations have called Haiti to a point of no return, both the government and much of the local population, with the help of international NGOs, are becoming aware of the problem. Several soil redevelopment interventions are being started and, encouraged by the excellent results, many farmers are mobilizing to increase the construction of retaining walls, which stop the crumbling of the soil; not only landslides are being prevented, in a few months these walls are allowing the same ground to return extremely fertile and productive. To the point that for the majority of Haitians, the same land that had brought them to their knees with the 2010 earthquake, is now becoming the greatest hope for the future.
During the course of the last year (2012) the Lord's Resistance Army have kidnapped more than five hundred and fifty people. Largely kids, boys and girls between the ages 8-15, used as sex slaves, compelled to decimate steps and often killing those who can't afford to walk anymore. Since December 2009 until date, the Christian fundamentalist group, also known as the army of the twelve commandments, have expressed responsibility for the death of the 1168 civilians and 2676 kidnapping cases, indiscriminate attacks and human trafficking. Torture, rape, mutilation and death: The Lord's Resistance Army is considered as one of the most ferocious rebel groups. The terror aroused spotting a single LRA rebel, could be responsible to provoke the movement of tens of thousands of people. In Obo, a remote village in the centre of the Republican Africa, on the borders of South Sudan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, besieged bt the LRA, the local hunters have transformed into hunters of the human flesh. The "LRA Hunters" organize battles to track down and kill the rebels, protecting villages, escorting civilians on their way to their farms, kids going to school, street patrol, supporting the local central African and Ugandese armies taking advantage of their knowledge of the territory. " How can one recognize a person coming from the Lord's Resistance Army?" From their smell, replies Joseph Fele, head of the military. " Just need the smell to know that there is a devil within the forest".
Hereros are an ethnic tribe inhabiting Southern Africa, mainly Namibia. In the beginning of the 20th century the German colonists took over 80 000 Hereros to the concentration camps killing almost 80 percent of the population. The history has not only stayed in the memory of the later generations, but also in the clothes and appearance of the tribe. Hereros took influences to their clothes from the style of Victorian era and German soldiers. More than one hundred years later, the contradiction between the brutal history and the appreciation of the colonist style can be seen in Hereros clothes. Old German soldier uniforms and western women dresses are used daily among the proud community of Hereros. This contradiction can only be explained by the importance of combining their history into the present - regardles of their people's painful memories of the past. The Hereros are proud to be recognized by their attire – the dress they were once handed by the Europeans and which they later on re-customized to fit their own needs to be free and de-colonized.
On November 25, 2011, in Vernazza & Monterosso, two of the most famous locations in 5 Terre, hit by one of the most devastating floods ever, causing death and destruction, both to land & property, in a highly touristic location.
Gianmarco Maraviglia, thanks to the Italian Costal Guards, one of the first few photographers to cover this natural disaster.
After a year, returning back to be able to document the situation, finding a whole new constructed city, thanks to the combined forces of all the inhabitants and the want to move forward.
Documentary photo project of three individuals who are faced with racism because of their indigenous mayan roots, homosexuality and transvetism while suffering from AIDS.
How about putting 'soccer' to the test now? Stalled, with no other means out, somebody had the brilliant idea to put a ball between the feet of children, instead of a machine gun in their hands. In this way, kicking out 'war' using a ball as a potential mass media object promoting a dream: that of a palestinian state. Sport, an old trick, always with a new twist, to this cause provocating acceptance and sympathy. Surely a project concerning kids, in need of a professional champion and a national star.
"In Gaza there exists an incredible, unimaginable, ardent artistic movement, of which, little do we know. These means of communication don't seem to speak, giving little news of death and destruction, instead of bringing to our attention the numerous manifestations, struggling peacefully and essentially in the name of art. Catching up with these artists of Gaza, i understood that art is a necessity, an urgent need and above all a concrete form of survival of expression. The only thing that these people can express against war, in conditions, armed deliberately and exclusively in peace"
This series of portraits of young prostitutes from various villages in Uganda and Africa now gathered in Kampala, has been taken by photographer Giorgio Palmera using his trademark limpid and direct style. He evokes an ambient of warm intimacy and intriguing atmospheres, mixing disinhibition and naivety. The portraits are striking because they are anything but clichés. There is respect, love, the desire to understand. The pictures are accompanied by the carefully crafted interviews, sensitively gathered by anthropologist Gino Bianchi in the best traditions of Fotografi Senza Frontiere reports. And the girls demonstrate their trust, they relax and tell their own stories as women warriors. Pictures expressing the strength of caresses that bring comfort.
Athens, the economic & financial centre, hit by the global crisis, bringing about desperation & violence, instead the islands around have a different outlook. Most of the inhabitants in the capital, have decided to move, in search of a new lifestyle, new hope...relaxed, a more realistic perspective.
Some of whom, have retured to cultivation, to mother nature, others to breeding livestock, some others who have even decided to open a new activity, betting on the resources that the islands offer, not just with tourism but for a more stable economic future.
If the crisis is global, the only inevitable local solution is exploiting the resources of the Greek islands, held together by an appealing word dating back to ancient times: community. And in a moment in which, partially divided by the local entities, residing over these territories empowered by international super- powers, this Greek challenge becomes even more enticing.
In 1966, the Egyptian President Nasser, created what has become a national circus, which until today is a 'unique' experience in the Arab countries. The artists formed during the Ex-Soviet Union reign alongside the national circus, appearing all around the world; until the Mubarak regimen stopped funding their needs. Egypt adhered & eventually transformed from a socialist imposition to a neo-liberal system & from a socialist party appearing to be a democratic one. Today this national circus, nevertheless represents the most important driving force in terms of earnings in the Arts & Crafts sector, stated by the Cultural affairs minister, which has been completely ignored and which could shut down.
Olivia has grandparents coming from four different nationalities. Italy, Germany, Egypt and Romania. A child who embodies these diverse cultures, traditions, languages and religions. In daily family life, you can clutch, unaware, fragments from common experiences . Travelling through the four places of origin of her family, there are more similiarities than differences. This project, a gift to Olivia, my dearest daughter, is above all a gift to all those people living today, feeling at home in every nook and corner of this world.
The photo-project MEMORY, by Giorgio Palmera & anthropologist Gino Bianchi in Buenos Aires between 2007 & 2008, taking us to places & events related to the persecutions in the early 70’s under the Argentinian military dictatorship, breeding more than thirty- thousand ‘desaparecidos’ The project, edited by POSTCART in 2011 & winner of the LUCCA BOOK CONTEST 2011, brings back to light the existence of these Clandestine Centers of Detention, Torture & Confinement, important to be able to reconstruct for judiciary affairs, the emotional value for the survivors, mothers, children, for the potential value that it represents for every single one of us as a ‘Memory’ The exhibition, at the International Festival of Rome in 2008, at the Recoleta Cultural Centre of Buenos Aires in 2009, and at various other interanational fairs, has come to become a permanent installation this year, curated by Daria Battilana, within ESMA, an ex clandestine centre in Buenos Aires becoming a national museum today for ‘Memory’